Food security, living conditions and social transfers in Iraq
The prevalence of food deprivation in Iraq fell from 7.1 percent in 2007 to 5.7 percent in 2011.
Accordingly, there are 1.9 million Iraqi individuals suffering from food deprivation, which is approximately 294,000 less food deprived individuals than in 2007. As for the geographic distribution of food deprived individuals, over 500,000 of them live in Basra Governorate (26.6 percent); 350,000 in Baghdad Governorate (17.7 percent); 312,000 in Thi Qar Governorate (16.6 percent) and the remainder distributed within the remaining Governorates
The average Dietary Energy Consumption reached 2,810 kilocalories per person per day daily in 2011, up by 9 percent compared to the average in 2007 (2,580 kcal/person/day). Despite this improvement, inequality in consumption has widened as consumption of the highest income quintile is 1.9 times higher than that of the lowest income quintile. This is compared to 2007, where it was only 1.7 times higher.
The prevalence of vulnerability to food deprivation also decreased during the same period as it dropped to 14 percent compared to 20 percent in 2007. Such results show a notable improvement in household food security, as approximately 20 percent of Iraq’s population are either deprived (5.7 percent) or potentially deprived (14 percent) compared with 27 percent in 2007.