Complex Emergency, Fact Sheet #1, Fiscal Year (FY) 2012
· As a result of decreasing violence and increasing returns of displaced populations in Iraq, the U.S. Government (USG) and the international community continue to transition from emergency relief activities to development initiatives. Staff from USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (State/PRM) continue to conduct regular field visits to monitor ongoing activities, link emergency initiatives to early recovery programs, and facilitate durable solutions to displacement.
· Between January and August 2011, more than 140,000 Iraqis—including approximately 101,100 internally displaced persons (IDPs) and approximately 39,010 refugees—returned to their places of origin, bringing the total number of returning refugees and IDPs to more than 936,000 people since 2006, according to the Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).
· In FY 2011, the USG provided more than $313.6 million in humanitarian assistance to benefit people affected by Iraq’s complex emergency, including more than $23.8 million from USAID/OFDA and nearly $290 million from State/PRM for livelihoods, protection, shelter, education, humanitarian assistance, and health activities. USAID/OFDA funding supported and continues to support activities in agriculture and food security, economic recovery and market systems, humanitarian coordination and information management, logistics and relief commodities, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH), benefitting up to 617,000 people.