Situation Report Rokatenda, Indonesia, 03 June 2013
Assistance to People Displaced by Rokatenda Eruptions, Palue Island, Sikka District East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia
03 June 2013
The Disaster Management Agency (BPBD) of Sikka district is unable to determine the status of the Rokatenda volcano due to irregular pattern of volcanic activity and the lack any input from the Indonesian Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG) or their seismograph. The emergency response phase which should be ended on 23 May 2013 is then extended by the local authority to 23 June 2013.
YEU emergency team observed that the number of IDPs staying in the camps has been decreasing over the past two weeks. The situation forces the IDPs to return to Palue Island regardless the ongoing volcano activity, simply because they do not have enough money to fulfil their daily needs in camps. This is quite depressing prospect for the people, as there is nothing remaining in Palue because it was destroyed by the eruption. Some other IDPs would prefer to stay in their relatives' houses, which is a huge disadvantage as they will no longer be validated by the district government as IDPs.
The health issue has become team's priority since more children and infants suffer from skin disease and upper tract respiratory infection. The graveness of their condition is made more severe with some children showing signs of undernourishment. YEU emergency team has reported the issue to local health institution (the district health agency) and has also raised the issue in a workshop for recovery.
IDPs in Citapewa and Niranusa are still struggling to obtain potable water due to long distance from water sources and a minimum water debit in the spring. In addition, they do not have proper latrines, thus the IDPs in both places defecate in sewers and on the beach. The team is intending to deliver water in those areas as well as provide portable latrines. In Transito, there is no regular cleaning of public latrines, which causes stagnant water outside the latrines and there is no waste disposal management. As a result, the waste is scattered everywhere, causing further hygiene problems.
The relocation issue has become a focus of attention recently. A decision to relocate was made by the district authority with direction from national government. The district authority has been busy validating the IDPs' data in the past few weeks. The forum of humanitarian organisations responding to Rokatenda has demanded that the government conduct data verification to meet the challenges of the relocation program.
Most Pressing Needs
Health issues remain an urgent need. Health services are required in nearly all camps along with the provision of WASH components, including emergency latrines, potable water supply and water carrying containers. The next priority is provision of food items, especially for infants and toddlers. Non-food items are required mainly to sustain the healthy living in the camps with items such as like blankets, mattresses, tarpaulins, cooking utensils, and hygiene kits.
Other longer-term issues relate to knowledge-based initiatives such as the induction of camp management sessions for camp coordinators and other relevant stakeholders, psychosocial assistance for children and adults (YEU will refer the issue to the NGO Forum in Sikka), and lastly the need for capacity building to ensure accountable relief distribution.
ACT Alliance Emergency Response to date
YEU is the only ACT Alliance member responding to the emergency.
• Health services by the YEU team have treated 223 females, 134 males, and 207 children, with a total of 564 patient visits. Based on the field findings, the top five diseases in the camps are: upper respiratory tract infection, dyspepsia, musculoskeletal disease, oral-dental disease, and skin disease.
• Water Supply Distribution for 114 IDPs, 33 HH in Transito camp (9x5,000 liter)
• Establishment of 10 Knockdown latrines and the equipments (bucket, bailer, and closet brush): 1 unit in Niranusa, 2 units in Citapewa, 4 units in Mausambi, 2 units in Aewora, Ende District; and 1 unit in Kampung Garam, Sikka District.
• Non-food item distribution: 92 sheets terpaulins for IDPs in Citapewa, Niranusa and Mausambi,48 mattres for IDPs in Citapewa and Niranusa, 32 jerry can for IDPS in Citapewa, cleaning equipment for Transito camp, and 16 water bucket, 18 lanterns and 18 family packages of hygiene kits for Niranusa.
• Food item distribution: 350 kg rice, 108 packs biscuits to complement breast milk program and 64 kg mung bean and 12 kg orange as supplementary foods for under-five children in Citapewa, Mausambi and Aewora.
• Disaster preparedness promotion for 208 females, 90 males and 120 children in six villages (Hewuli, Transito, Niranusa, Citapewa, Aewora and Mukusaki).
YEU together with other humanitarian organisations responding to Mount Rokatenda eruption, i.e., JaRI (loosely translated as the Networking of Resilient People in Indonesia), Dompet Dhuafa, Plan-Indonesia, Wetlands, Karina, World Vision Indonesia (WVI), Yayasan Sosial Pembangunan Masyarakat Maumere (Community’s Social Development Foundation in Maumere/Yaspem), Wahana Tani Mandiri (Farmers Asscociation/WTM), and CKM (CaritasMaumere),held a workshop to facilitate the local government and the affected population in discussions of mechanisms for the post-emergency phase, strategies for relocation and coordinating the relief distribution amongst stakeholders using the cluster approach: housing/relocation, food security, livelihood, health, water-sanitation, and education. The initial workshop was conducted on 14 May 2013, and was co-hosted by the local government and the Rokatenda humanitarian forum. YEU and YAKKUM's development unit (CD Bethesda) facilitated a discussion on health and water-sanitation sectors. The outputs of the workshop are as follows: (1) Reviewing the contingency plan; (2) Assigning a camp coordinator to manage relief distribution; (3) A cluster plan for the transitional period from emergency response to early rehabilitation and (4) A budget appeal made by the local government to the national government, From this workshop, the local authority (BPBD) is committed to host regular coordination meetings to monitor the progress of the Rokatenda emergency response. A follow-up workshop is scheduled in mid-June to ensure commitment to and implementation of the plan under the governance of newly-elected head of district.
Dari lokakarya ini, pemerintah daerah dalam hal ini Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Daerah (BPBD), berkomitmen untuk mengadakan pertemuan koordinasi berkala untuk memonitor perkembangan tanggap darurat Rokatenda. Lokakarya kedua dijadwalkan pada pertengahan Juni guna memastikan komitmen dan implementasi rencana-rencana tersebut di atas terlaksana dibawah pemerintahan Bupati yang baru.
Challenges and strategies:
Trust building is essential as many parties are blaming the government for their inability to manage the IDPs. Thus, YEU tries to approach the government in more constructive ways, by acknowledging what has been done but strategically identifying gaps and promoting multi-stakeholders resource mobilization.
• The district health agency does not have any RDTs (Rapid Diagnostic Test) for malaria. Yet, East Nusa Tenggara is endemic for malaria. YEU is intending to address the issue, along with an initiative to encourage the health agency to provide adequate RDT.
• Beside the political condition, with a vacuum of leadership (there is nonofficial of the disaster response agency) as reported in the previous Sitrep, there is another pressing issue that should be taken into consideration by local stakeholders, i.e. the relocation plan for 375 households who are affected directly by the eruption. Although the relocation scheme has been discussed between the district and national authorities, the IDPs know almost nothing about the overall plan. Moreover, it is essential that their voices be accommodated in the scheme.
Next Action Plan:
Feasibility study for resettlement. YEU will carry out participatory analysis for hospitable areas for resettlement and sustainability of the affected population. This activity is also aimed to promote accountability in humanitarian assistance where the affected population is consulted in fulfillment of their needs.
Distribution of food, potable water supply, and hygiene kits to Aewora, Citapewa, Mausambi, Niranusa and Palue Island, and second health service to Aewora, Citapewa, Mausambi and Niranusa.