Indonesia - OCHA Consolidated situation report No. 70
1. NATURAL DISASTERS
About 500 people of Yoholikima of Angguruk Sub-district in Jayawijaya fled Sunday (28 Mar.) to a nearby village following heavy rainfalls that have caused floods and landslides in their village. No casualties were reported.
2. ACEH (Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam)
At least 24 people-six civilians and 18 alleged GAM members-were reported killed during the week, according to news media.
Provincial Police Chief Yusuf Manggabarani said, during a meeting with representatives from international humanitarian organizations active in the province on Monday (1 Apr.), that the TNI and Police would guarantee their security and that of their local partners and beneficiaries in Aceh as long as coordination is regularly maintained with all levels of the security apparatus.
TNI spokesperson Lt. Col. Firdaus told OCHA that Deputy Army Chief of Staff Lt. Gen. Kiki Syahnakri, visited Banda Aceh and Aceh Besar on Wednesday (3 Apr.). He said the General told the troops that the indicator of success in their operations was not the elimination of the separatist groups but their peaceful surrender through persuasion and their acceptance to the rule of Indonesia.
Deputy Army Chief of Staff Lt. Gen. Kiki Syahnakri said on Saturday (31 Mar.) that the TNI would soon dispatch at least 1,850 replacement troops to the rebellious Aceh province, according to The Jakarta Post daily. The force, scheduled to depart for Aceh early this month, would consist of 125 Marines and 100 elite Air Force personnel. The rest of the troops would come from the Army, including 12 companies of search-and-destroy personnel, he said, adding that all of them have been trained to improve their anti-guerrilla operational capabilities.
TNI spokesman Maj. Gen. Sjafrie Sjamsoeddin said on Saturday (30 Mar.) as quoted from Antara news agency that from April 2001 to March 2002, at least 122 military and police personnel were killed and 411 injured in Aceh. He also said that at least 736 alleged separatist rebels were killed and 292 others arrested during this period, while 621 civilians were also killed. From 10 February to 12 March alone, at least 66 alleged rebels, 17 police officers and military soldiers, and 44 civilians were killed, he added.
A spokesman for the Henry Dunant Centre told AFP on Thursday (4 Apr.) that peace talks between Indonesian government officials and Aceh separatists could resume in Geneva at the end of the month or beginning of May. Aceh Governor Abdullah Puteh confirmed the plan but gave no date.
JRS Aceh reported on Wednesday (3 Apr.) from Pidie District that some 45 families from Panuci Village, Central Aceh, are currently displaced in Geumpang Sub-district, Pidie. They left their places of origin in early February for economic reasons. The triple increase in the prices of cooking oil, sugar, and salt during the past months forced the people to leave their homes.
JRS Aceh reported on Thursday (4 Apr.) that 995 people (185 families), coming from Kuala Sub-district, are currently displaced in 5 villages in Simpang Ulim Sub-district in East Aceh after 74 of their houses were burnt on 10 March. According to JRS, the IDPs are in need of health services, clothing, and school uniforms for their children. JRS distributed 1.7 MT of rice for 51 families in two villages.
UN Humanitarian Coordinator Bo Asplund and Chief of OCHA Indonesia Michael Elmquist visited Banda Aceh on Wednesday and Thursday (3 - 4 Apr.). They met with the Governor, Vice-Governor, and the Police Chief, as well as some NGOs working in the province (CARDI, ICMC, PBI, SC US, NVI, JRS, RATA). They discussed the humanitarian and security situations as well as the possibilities of doing more humanitarian activities in the province.
ICMC is currently distributing, through its local partners, agriculture equipment and income generating supplies to 615 families in Pidie, Bireuen, North Aceh, and East Aceh districts, as part of their programme for female-headed households. The distribution started on 28 March and will finish on 9 April.
3. Central Sulawesi
The Jakarta Post daily reported Thursday (4 Apr.) that most of the IDPs who fled the town of Poso, Central Sulawesi, were suffering from clinical depression or other types of mental disorders following two years of sectarian fighting, according to a recent survey by a Yogyakarta NGO, the Tikar Pandan Community. A discussion on the survey report was held in Yogyakarta's Gadjah Mada University on Tuesday (2 Apr.). The survey, conducted in January this year, found that at least 54 percent of the more than 85,000 IDPs (as of December 2001) have been "psychologically distressed". The report said that displaced females were particularly prone to depression, as many had been raped and impregnated by Brimob members. According to the report, up to last December, at least 577 people had been killed, 245 seriously wounded, and 139 others slightly hurt. Independent sources, however, have put the death toll at about 2,000.
4. West Kalimantan
IMC is conducting a survey, starting this week, on the number of households occupying all the relocation sites around Pontianak.
IMC medical teams conducted 674 curative consultations in all the relocation sites during the week.
Water and Sanitation
IMC continued to distribute water tanks and guttering systems in the relocation sites.
A powerful bomb exploded in front of Amboina Hotel in the Christian sector of Ambon City on Wednesday (3 Apr.), killing at least 4 people and injuring 56. The injured were taken to three hospitals for treatment. Some 20 people were reported to be in serious condition.
Following the blast, angry Christian crowds gathered at the Governor's office located just 600 metres away, protesting the inability of the government to protect the community. Muslims also gathered at the other end of the government complex. In the ensuing confusion a fire was started in the Government building at the rear of the second floor, which quickly engulfed the second and third floors and most parts of the ground floor. The governor's and vice-governor's office was totally destroyed. Also completely destroyed were UNRC, UNICEF, and UN Security offices, located on the second floor. The military dispersed the crowds later in the day. The city remained tense over the night but normal activity returned the next day. Government and community leaders have expressed disappointment over the incidents and claimed the Malino II Accord has not been derailed.
All UN international and national staff was relocated to Jakarta on Thursday. The AFSO (UN Area Field Security Officer) will however remain until Saturday when he will also travel to Jakarta. None of the INGOs in Ambon have indicated that they will relocate at this time. It is also expected that the UN FSO Indonesia and a team will travel to Ambon early next week to assess the situation.
The Maluku Police Chief announced on Thursday that the police had arrested 5 people over the bomb incidents and were confident of solving the case soon.
This week the local government also announced that the deadline for the surrender of all weapons have been extended until 30 April. It has also been reported in a Jakarta newspaper that although over 360 weapons have so far been handed in, most were home-made weapons and only one was organic.
The Central Government announced this week the establishment of an independent investigation team headed by the National Police Chief to look into the causes of the conflict that started on 19 January 1999 and also into the activities of the Laskar Jihad in Maluku, the activities of the South Maluku independence movement, as well as human rights violations.
6. NORTH MALUKU
Sinyo Harry Sarungdajang, the Officer in Charge of North Maluku provincial government during 2 - 4 April, received a delegation of 10 national legislators who came from Jakarta to assess the social welfare situation, including health, family planning, women empowerment, transmigration, and labour affairs. The mission also visited Tidore, the capital of Central Halmahera District. On his first day as Officer in Charge, Sarungdajang visited returnees in Bacan Sub-district, in Songa and Bori villages. He handed over funds for the construction of both Christian and Muslim worship places in the villages. That was the first time since the reconciliation and returnee process began nearly one year ago that the government made such a contribution.
The new Sub-district of South Tobelo, with its administrative capital at Kupa-kupa, was officially created. It was carved out of the Tobelo Sub-district.
Assessments and Monitoring
Donor representatives from AusAid and The Netherlands and New Zealand embassies in Jakarta visited the province during 1 - 5 April to look at their humanitarian assistance programmes in the province.
AcF visited East Gane and Bacan sub-districts to monitor its water and sanitation projects and to assess agriculture needs in the returnee and resettlement sites.
A WHO team from Jakarta visited the province from 28 March to 3 April for discussions with the health authorities in the province. WHO appealed to the districts to increase their budgetary contribution to the health sector. The current allocation goes mainly to the rehabilitation and building new health infrastructure. Very little was left to cover operational costs of the various hospitals and health units.
UNICEF staff members are visiting the province from 31 March to 6 April for discussions with education officials and to establish assistance programmes for education. Besides Ternate, the mission also visited Tobelo and Galela.
On Wednesday (3 Apr.) 36 families or 191 IDPs returned from Mailoa village of Makian Sub-district to their original home in Akederi of Jailolo Sub-district. The local government supported the process.
During the week IMC attended 798 patients at puskesmas in Tobelo, Galela, Kao-Malifut, Berebere, Daruba, and IDP camps in Ternate City. Common diseases and conditions seen are: malaria, upper respiratory track infections, gastritis, skin diseases, anaemia, and dental problems. IMC started the rehabilitation of the pustu in Patang and Doro and the installation of a water system at Kao puskesmas in Kao Sub-district.
WVI distributed 509 hygiene kits and 202 mosquito nets to 100 mothers in IDP camps of Ternate city during the week.
A team of officials from Christian churches and the Indonesian Ulema Council is investigating the reports that Laskar Jihad were distributing leaflets and video CDs in Sorong about the religious conflicts in Ambon. The Jihad activities were feared to jeopardize religious harmony in the area.
Army Chief of Staff Gen. Endriartono Sutarto said that the TNI Headquarters as well as the Jayapura-based Trikora Military Command and the Army's Special Force (Kopassus) had never ordered their personnel stationed in the country's easternmost province of Papua to hold a military operation that resulted in the killing of Theys Hiyo Eluay, chairman of the Papua Council Presidium, according to The Jakarta Post Thursday. He said, without disclosing the motive behind the killing, that the seven members of Kopassus believed to be involved in the killing would probably be charged with insubordination. An official close to the investigation, speaking on the condition of anonymity, said that three Kopassus members were currently being questioned by the National Military Police.
8. WEST TIMOR
Some 200 refugees of East Timor origin residing in Tuapukan and Noelbaki camps staged a rally at the provincial parliament in Kupang on Wednesday (3 Apr.) to protest against the trial of the people accused of human rights violations in East Timor, the cessation of assistance for the refugees by the government, and the government's plan to dismantle the refugee camps in West Timor on 20 May.
East Timor independence leader Xanana Gusmao on Thursday (1 Apr.) urged East Timorese refugees in West Timor to come home, saying he guaranteed their safety. Gusmao, on a two-day visit to Belu and North Central-Timor districts, told a cheering crowd of some 10,000 East Timorese refugees at a football stadium in Atambua that they must experience the joy of independence along with their compatriots.
According to UNHCR, 944 refugees returned to East Timor from 1 to 3 April.
Amnesty International, in a report issued during the annual United Nations Commission on Human Rights, urged the 53-member state body to condemn "appalling" abuses by Indonesia's security forces in Papua, Aceh and elsewhere in Indonesia, according to Reuters on Wednesday (3 Apr.). Amnesty's report, "Impunity and human rights violations in Papua", documents cases of extra judicial executions, disappearances, torture, and arbitrary detention of activists.
Selected Abbreviations Key
|Bakornas PBP||National Coordinating Board for the Management of Disaster and IDPs/Refugees|
|Brimob||Police Mobile Brigade|
|Bulog||National Logistics Agency|
|GAM||Free Aceh Movement|
|IDP||Internally displaced person|
|Komnas HAM||National Commission on Human Rights|
|Kopassus||Army's Special Force|
|Kostrad||Army's Strategic Reserve Command|
|MCK||Combined Bathing, Washing and Latrine Facility|
|OPM||Free Papua Organisation|
|PMI||Indonesian Red Cross|
|Posyandu||Integrated health service|
|Puskesmas||Primary health centre|
|Pustu||Primary health unit|
|Satkorlak PBP||Provincial Coordinating Unit for the Management of Disaster and IDPs/Refugees|
|Satlak PBP||District Executing Unit for the Management of Disaster and IDPs/Refugees|
|TNI||Indonesian Armed Forces|
This report and all previous ones can be found on OCHA's website at www.reliefweb.int
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