Humanitarian Assistance in Review: East Asia and the Pacific | Fiscal Year (FY) 2004–2013
Recurrent floods, earthquakes, volcanoes, and seasonal typhoons present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in the East Asia and the Pacific (EAP) region. Some countries also face civil unrest and associated humanitarian impacts, as well as limited government capacity to respond to disasters. Between FY 2004 and FY 2013, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural and complex emergencies in the region, including cyclones or typhoons in Burma and the Philippines; earthquakes in China, Indonesia, and New Zealand; floods in Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam; tsunamis in Japan and Indonesia; a drought in the Marshall Islands; volcanic eruptions in Indonesia and the Philippines; and conflict in Burma and East Timor.
Between FY 2004 and FY 2013, USAID provided more than $298 million in disaster response assistance in the EAP region. USAID/OFDA assistance included nearly $153 million for programs in health, nutrition, protection, economic recovery and market systems (ERMS), shelter, agriculture and food security, humanitarian coordination, urban search-and-rescue (USAR), and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH), as well as support for logistics and provision of relief commodities. USAID/FFP assistance included nearly $146 million in emergency food aid.