Asia: Earthquake and Tsunamis - Emergency appeal n° M04EA028 Final report

Period covered by this final report: 26 December 2004 to 31 December 2012.

Appeal target (current): CHF 670,671,010.

Appeal coverage: 101 per cent.

Appeal history:

  • Tsunami Emergency and Recovery Revised Plan and Budget 2005-2010 was launched on 13 March 2009 with a budget of CHF 135,493,049 for the period of 2009-2010, with a total budget of CHF 706.4 million for the six-year period.

  • Tsunami Emergency and Recovery Revised Plan and Budget 2005-2010 was launched on 31 March 2008 with a budget of CHF 202,609,575 for the period of 2008-2010.

  • Tsunami Emergency and Recovery Plan of Action 2005-2010 Revised Plan and Budget was launched on 22 December 2005 with a budget of CHF 1.064 billion for the period of 2005-2007.

  • Tsunami Emergency and Recovery Plan of Action 2005-2010 was launched on 6 May 2005 with a budget of CHF 590 million for the two-year period 2005-2006

  • Operations Update No. 16 revised the budget to CHF 183,486,000 (USD 155,296,000 or EUR 118,669,000) with programme extensions for Sri Lanka, Indonesia, the Maldives and East Africa.

  • The revised preliminary emergency appeal was launched on 29 December 2004, seeking CHF 67,005,000 in cash, kind, or services to assist up to 2 million beneficiaries for 6-8 months. Preliminary Appeal originally launched was titled “Bay of Bengal: Earthquake and Tsunamis”. Title was changed to “Asia: Earthquake and Tsunamis” in Revised Preliminary Appeal launched on 29 December 2004.

  • The preliminary emergency appeal was launched on 26 December 2004, seeking CHF 7,517,000 in cash, kind or services to assist some 500,000 people for six months.

  • CHF 1,000,000 was initially allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) for the initial preliminary appeal.

Summary:

The Indian Ocean earthquake and Tsunami was the single most devastating natural disaster in recent history. On 24 December 2004, and over the subsequent days, the world watched in horror as the true scale of the disaster became apparent.

At least 226,000 lives were lost, millions of homes were destroyed and entire communities were swept away. The full extent of the Tsunami was felt along the coastlines of 14 countries and the trail of devastation left in the wake of the disaster stretched from Sumatra in Indonesia to the shores of Somalia.

This disaster prompted an unprecedented outpouring of generosity from the public. Donations to Red Cross and Red Crescent National Societies worldwide enabled the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to embark on its biggest emergency response and recovery operation since World War II.

The Red Cross Red Crescent response to the Tsunami reflects the unique nature of IFRC where international and local expertise came together, faced the challenges together and learned many important lessons.

Supporting the recovery of families who had lost loved ones, homes and livelihoods, recovery was to be a lengthy process. From when the first Red Cross search and rescue teams were deployed after the Tsunami struck Aceh, it took over five years to complete the last project in the recovery operation, a major infrastructure project which now brings piped water to coastal towns in Sri Lanka. The end result has been many communities are now stronger and more resilient and better able to face the risks posed by future natural hazards.