Tropical Cyclone Nilam: Maldives, Sri Lanka and India - Situation Report (SR-1), 01 November 2012
Severe weather conditions on Monday 29 October, including a tornado and heavy rain, have resulted in flooding of up to five feet in the Maldives, affecting 24 islands. When passing through northeastern Sri Lankan near Trincomalee on 30 October, Tropical Cyclone Nilam affected 16 out of 25 districts in the island. The storm later intensified and hit the Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. It made landfall on 31 October, 2012. Winds of a speed of up to 101 km/h were reached. The capital of Tamil Nadu, the coastal city of Chennai which is home to 4.5 million, was largely spared.
Maldives: In the Maldives, a total of 142 households were severely affected in the two worst hit islands, HA Hoarafushi and Hdh. Nolhiravaramfaru. Another 27 households were moderately affected in 22 other islands, with heavy floods and damages from tornadoes. An estimated 600 people have been displaced. Important water and sanitation problems are affecting 12 islands and need immediate attention. Although no diseases outbreaks have been reported, assistance is being requested to avoid epidemics.
Sri Lanka: In Sri Lanka, mainly the North and the North-East of the island were affected. The damages have been caused by the cyclone and also by the floods that resulted. According to the National Disaster Management Center of Sri Lanka, a total of 68,217 individuals of 18,187 families were affected. A large part of the affected population (over 20,000) is from the newly resettled areas in Mullaitivu district. In total 7434 people from 1917 families have been displaced in the island, now housed in 37 welfare centers. Three deaths were reported as well as 12 injured. Authorities have said that the situation is under control and no request for international assistance has been made. Material losses reported in Sri Lanka include 2, 891 damaged houses and 41 destroyed. While in India over 100 trees were uprooted, as well as several telephone and lamp posts. Main damage in the Maldives is to water supply and sanitation systems. Total damages are still to be assessed.
India: As per latest reports, the overall death toll of the cyclone is eight, while six tanker crew members are missing after their lifeboat capsized off the coast of Chennai, India. The storm brought heavy showers and strong winds but caused far less destruction than expected. In India, media reports indicate that around 150,000 people were moved to shelters in Nellore district in Andhra Pradesh state. Around 4,000 people have been evacuated from Mahabalipuram into government provided shelters. Five coastal districts in Andhra Pradesh are still on alert.