India: Situation report - Bihar floods, 31 Jul
The state of Bihar is experiencing floods in 20 of the 38 districts. The districts affected are Supaul, Darbhanga, Bhagalpur, W. Champaran, Muzaffarpur, Sitamarhi, Khagaria, Sheohar, Madhubani, East Champaran, Araria, Sharsha, Samastipur, Madhepura, Kisanganj, Katihar, Begusarai, Purnea, Vaishali and Gopalganj.
The current wave of floods has affected more than 21 million people in the state. Around 5, 57,812 families have been rendered homeless and a population of 12, 54,182 have taken shelter in 949 relief centers run by the administration in different districts. 909 villages are still marooned of which 609 are in East Champaran and the rest are in Kisanganj district. Highest no of relief camps has been opened in Darbhanga.
Floods have caused damages to road and rail networks. Breaches on state and National Highway (NH) -31, 28, 77, 57, 104, 105 and 107 at several places had disrupted the road communication due to overtopping of water but the over all situation of the state is improving with not much rainfall over the state and adjoining areas. Relief operations measures are continuing in the affected areas.
The worst affected districts in the ongoing floods are - Darbhanga, Madhubani, Sitamarhi, East Champaran, Samastipur and Muzaffarpur. At present Darbhanga district remains still cutoff from rest of the state, as the road connecting Darbhanga and Muzaffarpur has been damaged by waters of river Bagmati. River Bagmati’s water has caused extensive damage to the road between Bhithuali Chawk & Kansi in the district. As per the Central water Commissions Report both the rivers- Bagmati and Adhwara Samooh are flowing above the danger level in Darbhanga. In Samastipur, river Budhi Gandak is flowing above the danger level. Similarly river Kosi in Khagaria district and river Mahananda in Purnea and Katihar district is flowing above the danger level.
Situation in Sitamarhi district also remains grim as the approaching road from Darbhanga has been disrupted in Darbhanga district. As a result, transportation of essential commodities is not possible in the remote areas. People in these districts are still in the relief camps run by the district administration and on the roads and railway lines. The state government has been carrying out relief activities with the assistance from Army, Air Force and NCC cadets. Many international and national non government NGOs have also extended support in the affected districts of the state.
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