India: Situation report - Assam floods, 31 Jul
Heavy floods in Assam have affected all the 27 districts of the state. These districts are Tinsukia, Dibrugarh, Shivsagar, Jorhat, Golaghat, Nagoan, Morigaon, Kamrup, Kamrup Metro, Darrang, Sonitpur, Dhemaji, Lakhimpur, Nalbari, Berpetta, Bongaigaon, Kokrajhar, Goalpara, Dhubri, Chirang, Karbi Anglong, Karimganj, Hailakhandi, Cachar, Udalguri, North Cachar Hills and Baska.
The worst affected districts are Kamrup, Barpeta, Dhubri, Chirang, and Nagaon, Karimganj, Dhemaji, Karbu Anglong, Dibrugarh, Cachar
Heavy rainfall received is recorded to be above normal in the state and in the neighboring uphill states and countries, occurring for a sustained period starting since the last week of June, resulted in the rise of water levels of the river network of Brahmaputra and it’s tributaries in the state, submerging a Large no. of villages.
Added to the rise in the water level, breaches along the river & dam embankments, release of water from Bhutan, landslides and sudden change of course by rivers, aggravated and deteriorated overall flood situation of the state, rendering millions of people homeless. The flood has also caused widespread damages to human life, property, standing crops, flood control embankments, tea gardens and other basic infrastructure in the state. Most of the wild life sanctuaries - Kaziranga National Park, National Parks of Manas, Orang and Dibru-Saikhowa, and Wild Life Sanctuaries Burha Chapori, Pobitora, Laokhowa and Bornodi were also under the grip of floods. Hundreds of animals have been reported to have got killed in this wave of flood.
A total 12.29 million people have been affected and as per the preliminary assessment, about 60 percent of the crops have been destroyed affecting 1.2 million farm families. Crop area affected so far is 1.15 million hectares. Similarly a damage to houses has been reported in large scale. A total of 5, 71,128 houses have been damaged. In some districts the gushing water completely washed away the house even.
Overall flood situation of the state is improving with the receding of the rivers and less rainfall over the state and adjoining areas in the past few days and there has been no fresh damages reported except the increase in the death toll. A total of 209 people have been report dead by this current wave of floods. Situation in the districts of Karimganj, Morigaon, Cachar, Nagaon and Goalpara is improving very marginally and in Barpeta, Bongaigaon and Majuli Island it remains grim. Army, Air Force and specialist Search and Rescue (SAR) team of Central Institute of Security Forces (CISF) are carrying out relief operations and at vulnerable points they remain deployed to meet any emergency.
The total no. of villages affected -10,502 nos. remains constant to that of affected villages reported yesterday. But water logging has made life miserable in some of the areas. Shelter camps are still operational in all the districts except Nalbari, Morigaon, N.Lakhimpur, Shivsagar, Udalguri, North Cachar Hills and Baksa. People have started moving to their houses, with the receding of the waters but potholes and breaches has restricted the movements of the people in few areas. 13, 81, 446 flood victims have taken refuse in 1,406 relief camps, being run in different districts. There is a likely chance of decrease in the relief camps in coming days, as there is no forecast for heavy rainfall in the northeastern states.
Transportation of essential commodities has been affected due to damages to the roads in the state. With the non availability of pure drinking water, waterborne diseases have gained momentum and cases like diarrhea, & dysentery and fever cases are on increase.
As per the Central Water Commission (CWC) report released -on 31th July, Brahmaputra & it’s tributaries, Dhansiri, Kopili, Katakhal and Kushiyara are flowing above the danger level in the northern upper districts and Brahmaputra has got a rising trend in the districts of Dibrugarh, Jorhat and Sonitpur as well. Similarly Dhansiri in Golaghat district has got a rising trend.
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