WFP Haiti Country Brief, February 2017
Five months after Hurricane Matthew, WFP is phasing out its emergency response operations and planning the transition to recovery programming.
The main component of the recovery projects will consist of Asset Creation activities in the departments of Grande-Anse and Nippes, in addition to the ongoing malnutrition prevention projects.
An IPC assessment conducted in February showed that due to the multiple crisis faced in 2016, out of Haiti’s ten departments, six are in IPC 3 Crisis and three in IPC 2 Stress.
In February, WFP reached 275,790 people with general in-kind food distributions, 9,475 through cash based transfers and provided specialized nutritious food to 23,350 children aged 6 to 59 months and pregnant and nursing women. Since the start of the operation, WFP has reached 924,879 people.
WFP coordinates food distributions with FAO to prevent the consumption of seeds by farmers.
As emergency relief and activities to prevent acute malnutrition are coming to an end, WFP is preparing a shift towards the recovery operations.
WFP aims to provide Cash-based Transfers assistance in exchange for participation in asset creation activities to 50,000 people during the lean season in Grande-Anse and Nippes departments
WFP will complement its intervention with a supplementary feeding programme to prevent chronic malnutrition in children aged 6–23 months during the lean season.
- The Logistics Working Group’s operations ended on 25 February. Since October 2016, it has processed 317 Service Request Forms, on behalf of 48 organisations. In total 6,396 MT of commodities has been handled in 3 different warehouses and 7,589 MT transported to 77 remote locations across Haiti by sea, land and air.
Communications with communities:
WFP implements a hotline service to allow all hurricane affected people to ask questions and give feedback on WFP programmes. So far, the hotline has received more than 400 calls and WFP has been able to solve more than 50 percent of the requests.
The Emergency Telecommunications working group led by WFP rehabilitated one of the four local radio stations to improve community’s abilities to transmit important, localized messages and promote dialogue on humanitarian issues.
An Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) assessment conducted in February 2017 showed that due to the multiple crisis faced in 2016 (hurricane, drought and flooding), six out of ten Haiti’s departments are in Crisis’ phase and three in Stress’ phase. Households are facing a significant deterioration in their purchasing power, with inflation reaching 15 percent in December 2016.
The latest EFSA conducted in December 2016 showed that in the seven most-affected areas about 38 percent of households (1.55 million people) are food insecure, including 6 percent (280,000 people) who are severely food insecure.
According to the Post Disaster Needs Assessment published in February, the losses caused by Matthew are estimated at USD 2.778 billion, which represent 32 percent of Haiti GDP. More than 428,000 farmers were affected and decapitalized.
Impact of limited funding
- It is crucial to start recovery interventions as the hurricane severely impacted livelihoods almost two thirds of households adopted negative coping mechanisms. WFP needs USD 20 million to initiate recovery activities such as Cash for Assets and supplementary feeding programmes.