Humanitarian Action for Children 2016 - Haiti

Report
from UN Children's Fund
Published on 26 Jan 2016 View Original

Total affected population: 10 million 
Total affected children (under 18): 4.3 million 
Total people to be reached in 2016: 778,000 (35 per cent adults) 
Total children to be reached in 2016: 506,220 

2016 programme targets

Child protection
- 800 unaccompanied and separated children benefitted from family tracing and reintegration follow up 

Nutrition
- 17,000 children under 5 years suffering from malnutrition received treatment or a nutrition package at home
- 120,000 pregnant or lactating women benefitted from a nutrition package 

WASH
- 200,000 people in cholera-affected areas benefitted from a complete WASH response package 
- 70,000 people in drought-affected areas supported with emergency water access interventions  
- 60,000 internally displaced persons benefitted from alternative sustainable sanitation strategies 

Health
- 313,000 people living in high-risk areas received cholera vaccination

Haiti
The majority of the Haitian population is at risk of exposure to two or more natural hazards, including earthquakes, hurricanes, landslides, flooding, and particularly drought for the past three consecutive years. Food insecurity affects 560,000 people, including 17,000 children potentially suffering from malnutrition, and continues to force families to look for economic and education alternatives in urban areas, placing them at risk of new threats. Some 61,000 persons affected by the 2010 earthquake continue to live in camps in Port-au-Prince. Cholera is expected to directly affect 25,000 people and indirectly affect some 1.35 million people. The deportation of Haitians from the Dominican Republic will likely impact 171,000 people in 2016, including an estimated 800 unaccompanied children that will be in need of specific assistance and children in informal sites in the Southeast Department. Haiti remains a very fragile country with limited resources, ranking 163 out of 187 countries on the Human Development Index and classified as the 19th country most at risk of a humanitarian crisis.

Humanitarian strategy

UNICEF will continue to support local public health actors through improved surveillance and rapid response to cholera alerts, focusing on access to sustainable water and sanitation in areas most at risk and strengthening community-based surveillance. Children suffering from or at risk of malnutrition will be detected in time through the reinvigoration of sentinel surveillance systems. Such children will be referred to treatment facilities where they will benefit from the preventive package offered through infant and young child feeding and therapeutic foods for the treatment of malnutrition. In response to the deportation of Haitians from the Dominican Republic, UNICEF will support the Child Protection Brigade and the Institute of Social Welfare and Research (IBESR) to better care for unaccompanied migrant children. Four national non-governmental organizations (NGOs) will be supported to ensure adequate care and protection services for an estimated 800 children. UNICEF will advocate for the birth registration and civil documentation of migrant children. Child protection systems will be reinforced by strengthening the capacity of local actors, including those from government institutions and NGOs. UNICEF will work with the Haitian Civil Protection Agency to include children and women’s vulnerabilities and specific needs in rapid emergency assessments. In the framework of the WASH cluster transition, UNICEF will continue to build the coordination and preparedness capacities of the Directorate of Water and Sanitation. UNICEF will also focus on disaster risk reduction, including child protection, as part of the sensitization given to teachers and education inspectors. 

Results from 2015

As of 31 October 2015, UNICEF had received 40 per cent (US$7.8 million) of the US$19,134,343 appeal, in addition to US$7 million carried forward from 2014. In 2015, more than 6,700 targeted responses to cholera alerts were made within 48 hours of the alert and more than 3.1 million people were sensitized. UNICEF supported the distribution of 45,100 cholera kits, 368,000 soaps, 538,900 oral rehydration salts and 12,276 buckets during community-based health education sessions and through the establishment of more than 850 temporary chlorination points during outbreaks or for prevention in high-risk areas. UNICEF supported the Ministry of Health to vaccinate 38,600 people (including 16,200 children) against diphtheria. A total of 60,800 people living in camps in Port-au-Prince benefited from de-sludging services during the first quarter of 2015. As of 31 October, 16,140 children with acute malnutrition had been treated, and 544,000 children accessed preventive high-impact nutrition services. To ensure that every unaccompanied child deported from the Dominican Republic is placed in an institution and adequately cared for, UNICEF supported the deployment of 14 IBESR and Child Protection Brigade officers and contributed to the training of 128 International Organization for Migration (IOM) border surveyors, as well as other partner staff. As of November 2015, 26,500 children had benefited from individual assistance provided through these partner organizations.