From Emergency to Sustainable Recovery: IOM Haiti Two‐Year Report (2010‐2011)
Many Programs, with Complementary Purposes
IOM has been present in Haiti since 1994, when the organization began partnering with the Government of Haiti on migration management and capacity building programs following years of turmoil that had caused internal and international displacement, forced migration and considerable economic decline. In later years, IOM extended its cooperation to address and mitigate the effect that natural disasters have on the most vulnerable sections of the population. Such cooperation has included addressing the consequences of Tropical Storm Jeanne and the massive flooding in Fonds‐Verettes, to which IOM responded by adding drainage, reforestation and watershed management to its project portfolio.
Across the globe, IOM responds to emergencies that result in mass displacement. IOM acts as the lead agency for the Emergency Shelter and Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster in the event of a displacement crises caused by a natural disaster. After the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, IOM personnel responded within 24 hours, providing and coordinating lifesaving services and eventually partnering with the Government of Haiti and the international humanitarian community in the search for durable solutions to the displacement crisis. During the rainy seasons of 2010 and 2011 IOM acted as the agency of last resort in the provision of emergency shelters and NFIs for the over 1 million camp resident IDPs and communities. Over the nearly two‐year period since the earthquake, the IOM‐Haiti budget expenditure was $191 million USD, diversified among 43 active projects in the following programmatic areas:
• Camp Management Operations, WASH, Site Planning, Protection;
• Data Management, Census, Enumeration;
• Health, Psychosocial;
• Temporary‐Shelter, Non‐food items;
• Community Stabilization and Early Recovery;
• Disaster Risk Reduction;
• Counter‐Trafficking; and • Capacity‐Building on Migration Management.
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