WASH Cluster Emergency Flood Response Plan for 2016
1 Executive Summary
The WASH Cluster objective during the response to the El-Niño induced flood crisis in Ethiopia is to provide access to safe water and appropriate sanitation facilities, including dissemination of hygiene messages to flood affected communities. This objective will contribute to a measurable improvement in WASH-related morbidity and mortality among the affected population through the efficient, effective and timely implementation of emergency WASH and related early recovery programmes.
In agreement with WASH cluster partners, UNICEF and the Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Energy (MoWIE), have developed this flood response plan to provide a framework for the Cluster’s response to meet this objective.
As the impacts of the El-Niño phenomenon evolve, the humanitarian needs have significantly increased and shifted. Ethiopia now faces simultaneous drought and flooding crisis. The Government of Ethiopia (GoE) through the Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Electricity (MoWIE) has requested WASH cluster partners to consider the flood situation as an urgent priority for their intervention. Based on this request, WASH partners are delivering various WASH services across all affected regions of Ethiopia. Due to the widespread geographic localities that have been affected, a concerted and coordinated response is required. This document is designed to be an operational complement to the Joint Government – Humanitarian Partners’ National Flood Contingency Plan 2016 – belg (NFCP 2016).
2.1 Situation Overview / Context
The multi-agency Flood Task Force (FTF) issued a Flood Alert in April 2016 to raise awareness of anticipated flood risks in southern and south-eastern parts of the country. Additionally, the alert indicated that flash floods are likely to occur in the north-eastern, central and eastern parts. According to the NFCP 2016, almost 500,000 people are in immediate need of flood-induced assistance. This is inclusive of almost 190,000 displaced persons across 18 affected woredas, out of a total of 59 flood prone woredas.