UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #11 – Reporting Period: January - June 2017
• Between January and May, UNICEF and partners have provided 141,636 children with treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in more than 17,600 treatment sites.
• Since January, 228,220 people in hard-to-reach areas in Afar and Somali regions benefited from medical services provided by 49 mobile health and nutrition teams (MHNTs) deployed by respective Regional Health Bureaus with UNICEF support. Of those people reached, 39 per cent are children under five years of age.
• Since January, 4.2 million people have received safe water, with almost 1.2 million of these people reached by UNICEF and partners in 2017.
• UNICEF and partners have reached 160,337 children with emergency education programmes since January, which includes 7,800 displaced children who were provided with access to learning through the establishment of temporary learning spaces.
• In 2017, 20,652 children have been provided with psychosocial support, while 7,147 separated and unaccompanied children were reunified with their family or placed in foster care arrangements by Regional Government Bureaus and UNICEF.
• Humanitarian needs are expected to increase for the next six months, given the continued impact of drought in the south and south eastern parts of the country. However, critical funding gaps, particularly in Nutrition, Child Protection and Education may hamper UNICEF’s ability to reach children in urgent need of humanitarian response.
SITUATION IN NUMBERS
5.6 million People* require relief food assistance in 2017
303,000 Children* are expected to require treatment for SAM in 2017
9.2 million People* require access to safe drinking water and sanitation services
2 million School-aged children* require emergency school feeding and learning materials assistance
843,374 Refugees in Ethiopia (UNHCR, June 2017)
*HRD January 2017.
UNICEF Appeal 2017 US$110.5 million
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs
On the heels of the El Niño-induced drought in 2016, a negative Indian Ocean Dipole phenomenon resulted in drought conditions in the southern and south eastern parts of the country in 2017. This has disrupted the lives of children, women and men and led to a 42 per cent increase in the number of temporarily displaced people in 2017, reaching over one million by the end of June.
Following the multi-agency Meher seasonal assessment conducted at the end of 2016, the humanitarian requirements document (HRD) for 2017 was released, identifying the level of critical and life-saving interventions required to address the water, sanitation, food, health, education and protection needs of up to 9.2 million girls, boys, women and men1 . To date, US$590 million of the US$948.6 million required for the HRD has been raised. The Belg assessment of the seasonal rains (February to May 2017) was completed in June 2017. The assessment indicated deteriorating food and nutrition security and increasing risks of disease outbreaks, floods and conflicts in particular in the drought affected areas. Consequently, the hotspot priority classification in June 2017 identified 228 woredas as priority one in need of immediate humanitarian interventions, an increase from 192 in December 2016. Based on the preliminary findings from the Belg assessment and hotspot classification, it is likely that the number of people in need of assistance will increase.
At least 7.8 million people could face critical food shortages from the end of July 2017 onwards, due to a projected food pipeline break. Seasonal floods also present a risk, particularly in the period between June and September 2017. The National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) issued a Flood Alert on 26 June 2017, identifying at-risk areas across the country and recommending preparedness actions at the regional level onwards to mitigate the impact of possible floods.
The Government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) announced at the end of March 2017 that all irregular migrants (including Ethiopians) in the country must leave voluntarily within a provided amnesty period of 90 days, which was later extended until 27 July 2017. As of 11 July, more than 78,000 returnees (of which nearly 16,000 are deportees) had arrived in Ethiopia. It is estimated that there are more than 500,000 Ethiopian irregular migrants in the KSA, of which half could potentially return to Ethiopia in the near future.
Ethiopia is the second largest refugee-hosting country in Africa, with 843,374 registered refugees (58 per cent children) at the end of June 2017, with 60,293 refugees newly registered in the country in 2017. The majority of these refugees are South Sudanese (58 per cent), followed by Somalis (30 per cent) and Eritreans (19 per cent). With renewed fighting and food insecurity in South Sudan, refugees continue to arrive in Gambella region. As Nguenyyiel refugee camp (a seventh camp that opened in October 2016) in Gambella region is at its full capacity with some 60,000 refugees, a new camp, Gure Shembola, has been opened in Beneshangul Gumuz region to accommodate the increasing number of refugees.