UNHCR Operation in Ethiopia - Fact Sheet, May 2014
UNHCR Operational Highlights
• At the end of May 2014, Ethiopia hosted 569,286 refugees from 13 countries. The majority- 242,765 individuals (42.64%) -are Somalis followed by South Sudanese-193,389 ind. (33.97%), Eritreans- 94,492 ind.(16.60%) and Sudanese- 34,331 ind.(6.03%). The country also hosted 4,304 (0.76%) refugees from several other countries, including from the Great Lakes Region, Kenya, Yemen and Djibouti.
• 40,095 new refugees were registered in the country in May, and this represented the largest arrival figure in a single month so far this year. The largest majority, 37,572, are South Sudanese who have fled the on-going conflict in their country. Also, 2,050 Eritreans, 332 Somalis (who arrived through Dollo Ado) and 105 Sudanese were registered during the reporting month.
• Ethiopia’s borders remain open and freely accessible to asylum seekers coming from many of its neighbouring countries, most notably from South Sudan, Sudan, Somalia and Eritrea. Despite the peace agreement signed by Mr. Salva Kiir and Mr. Riek Machar, South Sudanese continued to arrive in Ethiopia at a daily average rate of 1000 people.
• Relocation of new arrivals from the three main border crossing points in Akobo, Pagak and Burubie in the Gambella region to the camps continued by land, boat and air (helicopter).
• UNHCR, ARRA, and partners transferred South Sudanese refugees from low-lying and flood-prone parts of Kule and Leichuor camps to higher grounds to prevent flooding of their shelters during the approaching rainy season.
• Women and children still made up a large majority of all South Sudanese new arrivals during the month, with many of the children arriving in poor nutritional status. UNHCR, ARRA, UNICEF, GOAL,
MSF-F and ACF supported the enrolment of more than 10,000 children under five years of age in different nutrition programmes in the camps.
• In the Benishangul-Gumuz region (western Ethiopia) UNHCR and ARRA continued to closely monitor the situation along the border in view of the deteriorating security and humanitarian situations in the Upper Nile State of South Sudan and the Blue Nile State of Sudan. Out of 550 new arrivals registered in May by Sub-Office Assosa, 440 are South Sudanese while the balance is Sudanese refugees.
• Dollo Ado continued to receive new arrivals from Somalia albeit in smaller numbers. The last week of May, however, saw a significant increase in arrivals and this raised concerns that the figures may pick up in the coming weeks. The new arrivals, mainly from Elbone and Sidegrere areas in Bakol region, reported, in addition to general insecurity, crop failure of the past rainy season was the reason for their flight.