Ethiopia Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin, 25 August 2014

Report
from UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Published on 25 Aug 2014

KEY EVENTS

  • The number of nutrition hotspot priority one woredas increased by 64.5 per cent from 76 to 125 between April and August of this year.

  • WFP will face critical funding shortfalls for its refugee operation from the end of September onwards. US$42 million is urgently needed to cover needs until January 2015.

KEY FIGURES

  • South Sudanese refuge arrivals (since mid-December) 187,206 Source: UNHCR

  • Fund urgently needed to cover refugee relief food needs from September 2014 to January 2015 US$42 million Source: UNHCR

Nutrition Update

On 18 August, the emergency nutrition coordination unit (ENCU of the DRMFSS) updated its hotspot list to reflect increased malnutrition. Compared to the April hotspot list, the number of priority one woredas increased by 64.6 per cent from 76 to 125, while the number of priority two woredas decreased from 181 to 162. Afar, Oromia and Somali regions account for 75 per cent of all hotspot priority one woredas, reflecting the impact of the inadequate seasonal rains in these areas. Compared to the same period in 2013, the number of priority one woredas is lower at 125 as compared to 132 in 2013. Delays in the submission of the Somali Regions Admission’s Report could increase the number of Hotspots.

Following the release of the revised list, the ENCU held an ad hoc MANTF coordination meeting on 21 August on strengthening emergency nutrition responses in hotspot woredas. Partners were already operational in 56 priority one woredas and have committed to expand operations to an additional 45 woredas. Partners working in 33 priority two woredas have committed to expand to another 14 woredas. UNICEF claims that there is a sufficient amount of therapeutic feeding programme (TFP) supplies in-country to cover the projected caseload for the second half of 2014. WFP expressed its commitment to implement Targeted Supplementary Food (TSF) Program in the 125 priority one woredas for which 3 million USD additional funding is urgently needed. TSF responses are required to mitigate and prevent the likely deterioration of the nutrition situation in priority one and in some of the priority two woredas.
The revised hotspot list is intended to guide the government and stakeholders to prioritize and allocate resources, and plan and implement emergency food and nutrition in a timely manner. For more information, contact isaack.manyama1@gmail.com

Refugee Update

Meanwhile, Ethiopia became the largest refugee-hosting country in Africa, overtaking Kenya.
The over 630,000 refugees the countries hosts today are primarily South Sudanese, Somalis,
Eritreans and Sudanese.

As of 22 August, 187,375 South Sudanese have sought refuge in Ethiopia since the conflict started in December last year. Although the average daily arrival figure has dropped to 263 refugees in recent weeks, overall, the country has been receiving an average of 804 refugees a day this year.

In light of the intensifying rains in Gambella and associated increased risk of water-borne diseases, health partners started the second round of the oral cholera vaccination campaign on 15 August. Hygiene promotion activities and soap distribution were also increased. Given ongoing hostilities in South Sudan, UNHCR and ARRA, together with partners, are preparing for a continuation of the refugee influx from South Sudan. This includes collaboration with the local authorities in Gambella to identify suitable land for the establishment of additional camps.

Three of the four newly established camps have already reached full capacity. It is worrying to note that despite being the country receiving the largest number of South Sudanese refugees in the region, Ethiopia’s multi-agency funding appeal for the South Sudan situation remains the least funded, with only 31% of the requirements met as of 31 July 2014. Flooding within the existing camps in Gambella means that UNHCR and partners are forced to deal with an additional emergency situation and have to relocate refugees to higher grounds. For more information, contact gegziabk@unhcr.org

WFP Ethiopia continues to move commodities by air, river and road into South Sudan dispatching 17,000 metric tons as of 19 August. A total of six aircrafts based in Gambella, Jimma and Assosa (Benishangul-Gumuz) are involved in the operation. A refugee food pipeline break is expected to start in September unless new resources are secured. WFP estimates that 42 million USD are urgently required to fully fund its refugee food operation until the end of the year. For more information, contact wfp.addisababa@wfp.org

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.