Ethiopia Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin, 20 May 2013
Continued good performance of the seasonal rainfall further improved water and pasture availability in most droughtprone areas around the country. All types of water sources were fully replenished in Somali Region and in all woredas of Oromia Region, with the exception of Shalla and Siraro in West Arsi zone. Elsewhere, pocket areas across the country continue to report critical water shortages, including Dubti, Elidar (zone 1), Berhale, Afdera (zone 2) and Teru (zone 4) woredas of Afar Region; Raya Azebo, Erob, Saesi Tsada Amba (Eastern Tigray), Kafta Humera,Humera (Western Tigray), Edega Arbi, Shiraro and Shire (North Western Tigray) woredas of Tigray Region; and Minjar Shenkora (North Shewa zone) and East Belesa (North Gonder zone) woredas of Amhara Region. In SNNPR, the rains have improved the availability of surface water sources, while they were not sufficient to replenish ground water sources, particularly in Boricha, Hawasa Zuria (Sidama zone), Gumer, Ezha, Muhur Aklil (Gurage zone), Humbo (Wolayita zone), Konso (Konso zone) and Alaba (Alaba zone) woredas.
Accordingly, 27 water trucks – down from 29 two weeks ago – were requested for Afar (8), Amhara (3), Oromia (1) and Tigray (15) Regions, of which 18 were operational, as of 14 May. In SNNPR, the Government and partners are undertaking measures, including the construction of Shallow Wells, to minimize risks of critical water shortages in areas where existing ground water levels would not sustain the population beyond the current rainy season. Additional resources are, however, required to effectively cover all the affected areas. Meanwhile, the critical water need in East Belesa woreda of Amhara Region has yet to be met. The water shortage is affecting some 3,500 people in the area.
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