Ethiopia Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin, 16 September 2013
The Ethiopian government, in collaboration with partners, continues to strengthen community based surveillance and to implement polio supplementary immunization activities following the polio outbreak in neighbouring Somalia and in Dadaab refugee camp and the host district in Kenya in May. In Ethiopia, one confirmed case of wild polio virus type 1 was reported from Injiro kebele in Geladi woreda of Doolo zone, Somali region on 10 July. As of 2 September, an initial emergency immunization campaign targeting 184,611 children below the age of 15 years in the Dollo Ado refugee camps and the host community; two rounds of immunization campaigns targeting 2,664,894 children under-5 in Somali region, Harari region, the city of Dire Dawa, as well as selected high-risk zones in Oromia and SNNP regions; and a third round of immunization campaign targeting 947,480 children under-5 in Somali region were completed. A fourth round targeting 1,096,358 children under-5 is planned for 27 to 30 September in Somali region.
Meanwhile, mapping of cross border and transit points was done and eight permanent vaccination posts were established at cross border points. The posts are providing polio vaccines to all children under 15 years crossing the border to and from Somalia. The Government and partners aim to establish a total of 16 vaccination posts at border points with Somalia.
In an effort to mobilize more resources, WHO and UNICEF are jointly developing a proposal for CERF application. In addition to financial resources, partners are requested to provide logistical support to strengthen the current polio response activities. For more information, contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
A minimum of six schools were damaged by the recent floods in Molelicho, Urbancha, Suta, Amerkeba, Hurkofofo and Bechagola woredas in SNNP region. Hundreds of students will miss the beginning of the academic year as a result.
Similarly, flooding in Dawa Chefa woreda and Kemise town of Oromia zone, Amhara region affected the schooling of 600 students (40 per cent girls). According to the Dawa Chefa Woreda Education Office, Kello primary school is currently occupied by 500 flood-displaced people (90 households). For more information, contact email@example.com
National water trucking needs further decreased to 19 trucks this week, down from 21 trucks last week and 23 trucks the week before. The decrease was registered in Afar region where the good performance of the Karma (mid- July to mid-September) rains – both in amount and distribution – improved water availability. Water shortages remain in the chronically drought-prone woredas of Afar, including Elidar, Berhale and Kori; and areas that received below normal Kiremt (June to September) rainfall in Oromia and Tigray regions. The Government and WASH partners are supporting the operation of 17 trucks, benefiting some 117,000 people. The water trucking gap (2 trucks) in Kumbi woreda of East Hararge zone, Oromia region remains to be filled.
Elsewhere, water trucking is ongoing in Dawe Chefa woreda of Oromia zone in Amhara region to cater for the water needs of the population affected by the recent floods.
Dawe Sarar, Dawe Kachen and Rayitu woredas of Bale zone, Oromia region continue to report deteriorating water sources as a result of the inadequate Ganna (March to May) rains – the main rainy season – received in the area.
This increases the likelihood for the need of emergency water rationing in early October. The water trucking needs will be determined after the completion of the ongoing/planned multi-agency needs assessment in Liben and Nogob zones of Somali region. For more information, contact firstname.lastname@example.org
Relief food update
As of 12 September, the third and fourth rounds of relief food distribution were on-going, and stood at 73 and 29 per cent respectively. The fourth round distribution status has still to be reported from Afar, Benishangul Gumuz, Gambella, Harari, and SNNP regions and Dire Dawa city.
Meanwhile, the dispatch of the Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) food allocation for May was completed, while the June dispatch remains at 70 per cent as in the past two weeks. For more information, contract email@example.com
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.