Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements Mid-Year Review 2015

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Contrary to the forecast at the beginning of the year, the 2015 belg/gu/ganna/sugum rains failed in most receiving areas. Kiremt rains started early in parts of central and eastern Ethiopia while they started on time in the western half of the country. The good June rains improved water and pasture availability, and benefitted land preparation for short maturing meher crops in some pocket areas. However, inadequate rainfall in northern and eastern Ethiopia in the first two dekads of July reversed these improvements. The strengthening El Niño phenomenon is expected to result in an early retreat of the kiremt rains and unseasonal rains during the last quarter of the year. The continued El Niño is likely to affect rainfall patterns through the first quarter of 2016.

Humanitarian requirements increased in the second half of 2015 as a result of the failed rains, and partly due to delays in the relief food and TSF response during the first half of the year.

This is a revision of the 2015 humanitarian requirements based on the mid-year assessment.

The revised funding requirement is 10.6 per cent higher than the requirements forecast in January 2015 for food and non-food needs amounting to USD 386 million. With 52.5 per cent of the financial requirements covered at mid-year, the total net revised requirement is USD 229,658,861.38. The number of relief food beneficiaries increased by 55 per cent to 4.5 million.
After considering available resources amounting to USD 202,980,058, the net total relief food and TSF requirement stands at USD 165,661,425.38. In addition, a net total of USD 63,997,436 is required to respond to non-food needs of identified beneficiaries in health and nutrition,
WaSH, agriculture and education sectors.