WFP Democratic Republic of Congo Country Brief, May 2017
Assessments are ongoing in the Kasaï region, but access and resources are a challenge to WFP’s immediate assistance.
Bas-Uele province has seen an increase of the number of refugees from the Central African Republic (C.A.R.) in the past month. Since 30 April, more than 21,000 refugees have crossed the border into DRC. WFP requires additional resources to respond to this new influx.
WFP needs additional resources to continue to respond to the needs of an increasing number of South Sudanese refugees. The number of refugees from South Sudan in DRC currently stands at 77,500.
WFP distributed food assistance to more than 500,000 people across the country in May.
In May, WFP, through its partner Bureau de Développement Communautaire Anglican (BDC Anglican), provided cash assistance to 14,000 IDPs in Katanika displacement site in Tanganyika province, thanks to funding from the Central Emergency Response Fund. Each beneficiary received USD 15 dollars to cover the cost of food for one month.
WFP provided over 260 mt of food to more than 25,000 IDPs hosted in Kalunga displacement site, near Kalemie. This was the third and last round of food assistance, which started in February 2017.
Fleeing intercommunity violence in Tanganyika, which began in July 2016, the number of IDPs increased from 370,000 at the end of December 2016 to 543,000 at the end of March 2017.
Bas-Uele province, and to a lesser extent North Ubangi province, has seen an increase of the number of people fleeing the border locations of Bangassou, Maliko and Yongofondo in the Central African Republic (C.A.R.). Since 30 April, the National Commission for Refugees (CNR) reports that more than 21,000 refugees have crossed the border, mainly to the villages of Ndu and Sahali (Bondo territory). WFP requires additional resources to respond to this new group of refugees.
Kasaï crisis: The situation in the Kasaï provinces, where the armed conflict between government forces and the Kamina Nsapo militia has increased in intensity in recent months, continues to be of significant concern. Assessments are ongoing, but access remains a major challenge in reaching people scattered over vast areas.
WFP’s assistance plan will be closely coordinated with FAO livelihood support to returning communities to help them plant for the season starting in September. In the meantime, the difficulties mapping the displaced population and the lack of resources, hinders WFP from providing immediate food assistance.
Apart from organizing flights to Kananga (Kasaï Central) and Mbuji-Mayi (Kasaï Oriental), UNHAS organized flights to Tshikapa (Kasaï) on 30 May and 1 June to accommodate requests for transport to this new destination. Working closely with the UN Department of Safety and Security (UNDSS), UNHAS is also planning assessment flights to other airstrips in Kasaï, including Ilebo, Luabo, Mweka, Lusambo and Lwiza.
Ebola: WFP (including UNHAS) continues to mobilize shipments of logistics equipment and supplies by air transport and by road to Likati and Nambwa to support the working base for the field teams.
However, the affected areas are remote and hard to reach, with limited communication and transport networks. UNHAS has facilitated movement of more than 200 passengers and 17 mt of cargo. In Kinshasa, the Logistics Cluster keeps supporting the overall response and the Logistics Cluster cell has proved to be of significant value.