Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission in Colombia (S/2016/1095)
- The present report is the first 90-day report on the implementation of the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Colombia. The Mission’s ceasefire monitoring and verification responsibilities were activated, in accordance with Security Council resolution 2261 (2016), following the signing, in Cartagena, Colombia, on 26 September 2016, of the Final Agreement for Ending the Conflict and Building a Stable and Lasting Peace. Much has transpired in that short period to both challenge and ultimately reaffirm the peace process. The present report is focused, in particular, on developments since my letter dated 26 October 2016 addressed to the President of the Council (S/2016/902). In that letter, I requested that the Council authorize the Mission to verify the implementation of the ceasefire protocol signed on 13 October 2016 until a new final agreement had been reached by the Government of Colombia and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia — People’s Army (FARC-EP). As the period concludes, and as noted in my letter dated 14 December 2016 to the President of the Council (S/2016/1063), a new peace agreement has now been signed and ratified and has entered into force, signalling the beginning of peace implementation in Colombia and paving the way for the Mission to carry out the full range of its mandated tasks.
II. Major developments in the peace process
- The narrow victory of the “No” vote in the plebiscite of 2 October 2016 made it legally impossible for the Government of the President, Juan Manuel Santos Calderón, to implement the agreement signed in Cartagena. Although that result opened a period of uncertainty in the peace process, all Colombian political actors, including those opposed to the agreement, underscored their commitment to the attainment of peace through dialogue and the preservation of the ceasefire and their support for the verification role of the Mission. Large public mobilizations in favour of peace were held throughout Colombia in the weeks following the plebiscite.