Humanitarian Action for Children 2017 - Chad
Total affected population: 4.7 million
Total affected children: 2.7 million
Total people to be reached in 2017: 850,000
Total children to be reached in 2017: 530,000
In 2017, 4.7 million Chadians will be in need of humanitarian assistance in response to the multiple and overlapping crises affecting the country. Food insecurity will continue to affect 4.3 million people, with 11.9 per cent of children under 5 suffering from global acute malnutrition (an estimated 558,450 in 2017) and 2.6 per cent of children suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) (an estimated 228,240 children). Conflicts are uprooting many, with 579,000 people expected to be displaced by the conflicts in the Central African Republic, the Lake Chad basin and the Sudan in 2017, including 389,000 refugees, 105,000 internally displaced persons and 87,000 Chadian returnees. Both the displaced and their host communities require humanitarian assistance, including health, nutrition, education, water, sanitation and protection services. Epidemics, particularly measles and cholera, remain a concern for 2017 given the fragility and limited coverage of the health system. While a growing number of humanitarian actors are present in insecure areas, Chad’s emergency needs remain underfunded, with the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) funded at only 39 per cent in 2016. In addition, the country’s difficult financial situation has impaired the Government’s capacity to provide basic services and participate in early recovery.
In line with Chad’s 2017-2019 HRP strategic objectives, UNICEF will continue to provide life-saving assistance to children. Nutrition interventions will be expanded to treat 200,000 children under 5 with SAM. Community-based infant and young child feeding will be implemented in the Lac region, while populations affected by emergencies will gain improved access to water, sanitation and emergency health services. The scale up of the emergency response in the Lake region will reinforce a multi-sectoral package for children, including through the promotion of early recovery, as well as the strengthening of government and civil society for community-based support for children’s rights. UNICEF will also provide learning materials and access to education; psychosocial support for refugees, internally displaced persons and returnee children; identification and care for unaccompanied and separated children; family reunification services; and mine-risk education. UNICEF will continue to lead the nutrition, education and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) clusters, as well as the child protection sub-cluster, at national and sub-national levels. UNICEF’s efforts to bridge humanitarian and development programming will remain paramount while supporting the Government’s emergency preparedness capacity and building community and institutional resilience through innovative approaches.