Chad Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 03 | April - May 2014
Over 101,000 people fled violence in CAR to Chad since last December.
Two new temporary camps continue to be prepared to house 50,000 people.
The humanitarian response remains underfunded. Serious gaps remain in shelter and WASH.
FAO launched a food security project for 15,000 families that fled CAR and for those hosting them.
Boko Haram violence and military operations force 1,500 people from Nigeria to flee into Chad.
The conditions of new arrivals are extremely precarious
While the pace of new arrivals from the Central African Republic (CAR) to Chad has considerably diminished in the last two months - to less than 100 per day - the conditions of people coming across the border are extremely precarious. Most often, they arrive without belongings, having walked for days and kilometres through the bush in search of safety. Most have already been made vulnerable by months of violence, and limited access to basic services. Their health conditions in particular, are extremely poor. Of 320 persons arriving 29 May in Kourno, Chari Baguirmi region, some 20% have been admitted to the local health centre for treatment.
Missions ongoing to identify unregistered people
A total of 101,752 people are known to have crossed into Chad since end of December 2013. 98,262 have been registered by the Government and the International Organization of Migration (IOM), while 3,490 have been registered by OXFAM. The real number of people who have fled to Chad from CAR may be several thousand people higher as registrations undertaken by IOM were voluntary and concentrated in locations of large population inflows. Transport services were offered by IOM as an incentive for registration, so those people not wishing to leave the transit sites had little incentive to register.
Results of a joint mission by UN Agencies (WFP, UNHCR, FAO) and NGOs (OXFAM and ACT-FLM) on April 17 -24 show important humanitarian needs for CAR refugees and local communities in host communities in Moissala (Mandoul region).
As the greatest population inflows are in Moyen Chari and Logone Orientale, the registration of people along the border, in regions such as the Mandoul and Salamat, are still being undertaken. This is particularly challenging as humanitarian actors have little presence in these locations, although NGOs are increasingly broadening their services in the Mandoul. According to reports from the authorities and humanitarian sources, hundreds of people have found refuge with host families along the border and more are reported to have joined existing refugee camps and communities.
Follow up is required with people moved to host families
Missions by IOM, the World Food Programme (WFP), the Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and humanitarian partners are currently underway to gather more information about these people and their humanitarian needs. Discussions are being undertaken with NGOs on supporting their registration.
As of 2 June, over 28,900 Chadian returnees had been transported by IOM from the different transit sites to their final destinations (see map in annex on people transported by IOM). Little is known of the assistance received by these people, nor of their current living conditions.
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.