IOM Regional Appeal Central African Republic (June 2016 - June 2017)

Report
from International Organization for Migration
Published on 30 Jun 2016 View Original

SITUATION OVERVIEW

Since independence in 1960, the Central African Republic (CAR) has seen several periods of instability and violence, which have severely impacted on its socio-economic development so that it ranks only 185 out of 187 in the UNDP Global Human Development Index. As direct consequence of the December 2013 events, a humanitarian crisis with an unprecedented scale of forced displacement and violence erupted. At the peak of the emergency 935,000 people were displaced. Despite a general improvement of the security situation, conditions in displacement sites remain dire, access to basic services remain limited and high risk communities continue to experience periodic violent clashes. Additionally, food security, medical coverage, access to administrational services and education infrastructure remain critical.

65% of CAR’s population is composed of youth and young adults (aged 18-35). Due to protracted conflict and displacement situations, CAR’s economy remains unable to create sufficient employment opportunities for its large youth population. Youth, authorities and civil society alike recognize the need to engage in constructive and all-inclusive dialogue with the aim of identifying and promoting durable solutions and community resilience in order to also provide alternatives for income generating opportunities for its youth. With its central position on the African continent, CAR will remain of strategic importance in terms of trade, migration regional stability for the foreseeable future.
Targeted investments in its socio-economic stabilization will promote longer-term development in CAR and beyond.

Protracted internal and external mass displacement remain one of the core humanitarian issues in CAR. Since May 2014, IOM has been assisting over 600,000 conflict-affected people in the capital and the provinces including, but not limited to Boda, Ndele, Kaga Bandoro, Paoua, Kabo and Moyenne Sido.

In addition, since May 2015, IOM has been observing a growing number of spontaneous returns from Chad. According to local authorities and the CAR National Red Cross, up to 3,000 returnees have been identified so far. Due to the ongoing closure of the border between CAR and Chad, the majority of these returnees use irregular return channels. While OCHA has been trying to mediate the opening of humanitarian corridors from Chad, there is urgent need to assist those returnees, who arrived since May 2015, as well as to provide return and durable solutions for those vulnerable IDP and host communities identified by IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) across the country.

International Organization for Migration:

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