Humanitarian Action for Children 2017 - Central African Republic
Total people in need: 2.2 million
Total children (<18) in need: 1.1 million
Total people to be reached in 2017: 850,000
Total children to be reached in 2017: 600,000
The complex humanitarian and protection crisis affecting the Central African Republic since 2012 is not yet over. More than seven months after President Touadera took office, the country continues to suffer from instability, with entire regions beyond the control or authority of the Government. In 2017, an estimated 2.2 million people will be in need of humanitarian assistance, including 1.1 million children. Due to the ongoing conflict, at the end of 2016, an estimated 420,000 people were internally displaced and an additional 453,0003 persons had sought refuge in neighbouring countries. The situation remains dire for children: one in every two children is affected by stunting; some 139 children in every 1,000 born die before their fifth birthdays, and 880 women in every 100,000 die from pregnancy-related causes. An estimated 2 million people are in crisis and emergency food security phases and an estimated 39,000 children under 5 will suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM). 4 Due to insecurity, children are only slowly returning to classrooms, with approximately one in three children out of school.
In 2017, 5 UNICEF will prioritize life-saving interventions and risk reduction for crisis affected, displaced and returning people in the Central African Republic. Capacity building and preparedness activities will be reinforced. UNICEF will tackle preventable childhood illnesses, malaria, HIV and malnutrition, and will provide people with access to safe water and improved sanitation. UNICEF will focus on the serious protection needs of children, including their release from armed groups and their reunification with families when separated or unaccompanied, and will provide the appropriate psychosocial support to vulnerable children. Children who are out of school due to crisis will gain access to safe learning spaces and quality education. The Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM) will provide non-food items (NFIs) and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) support to vulnerable people in remote areas. UNICEF leads the WASH, nutrition and education clusters, as well as the child protection sub-cluster, and will work with line ministries to strengthen government capacity for humanitarian coordination, leadership and response. UNICEF also plays a strong role in health programming and will continue to support education, nutrition, health and WASH core supply pipelines.