Central African Republic Crisis - Executive brief 23 December 2013
• Nearly the entire population of the Central African Republic – 4.6 million people – is affected by the deteriorating humanitarian situation. An estimated 2 million people are in need of humanitarian aid, 1.3 million people are in need of food aid and 871 700 have been internally displaced. Within the last two weeks, 1 000 people have been killed.
• Agriculture provides the main source of livelihoods and income for millions of people. Agricultural activities have been severely affected by the widespread conflict.
• Missed planting opportunities can be prevented through timely provision of seeds and fertilizers for the main 2014 maize planting season, starting in early March in the central and southern regions of the country, and the sorghum and millet planting season, starting in May in the northern region.
• A Strategic Response Plan has been prepared to provide integrated life-saving assistance to those affected, as well as activities building the resilience of affected populations to further shocks, through the cluster approach, including the Food Security Cluster led by FAO and WFP. As part of the Strategic Response Plan, a 100-day response plan has been developed to boost the humanitarian response to the most urgent needs.
• Through women’s farming groups, FAO will seek to engage women as leaders in promoting peacebuilding and dialogue within their communities, and support them in working together to improve food security and economic wellbeing of their families.
• A humanitarian system-wide Level 3 Emergency Response has been declared and FAO has declared a Level 3 Emergency Response, ensuring that staff is dedicated full-time to the crisis at country level and headquarters.
• FAO has strengthened its team in the Central African Republic with the deployment of additional experts that are based in Bangui and dedicated to managing the crisis. The Organization is coordinating field visits, as well as opening a number of sub-offices and branches (Bouar, Bossangoa, Bria) in the most affected areas.