Central African Republic (CAR) Situation Report No. 30 (as of 17 June 2014)
• The number of IDPs in the capital continues to decrease, with people returning to their homes where possible. The latest figures show 117,400 IDPs in 40 sites in Bangui, down 7 per cent from the previous week.
• Efforts to strengthen data on the number of IDPs outside of Bangui are ongoing.
• According to the latest IDP intentions survey, 79 per cent of the IDPs lack the finances to return home, compared to the 68 per cent in the previous survey.
• A total of 101,731 refugees have crossed the border from CAR into Cameroon since December 2013 according to UNHCR.
• At least 277 children have been maimed and 74 killed over the past six months, according to UNICEF.
542,400 IDPs in CAR
117,400 IDPs in 43 sites in Bangui and with host families (down from 126,600 last week)
US$565 million Revised 2014 Strategic Response Plan (SRP) requirements
1.9 million Vulnerable people targeted by SRP for humanitarian aid
34% Funding available (about $192 million) against the revised SRP
4.6 million Population of CAR
2.5 million People who need assistance
The Commission for the Monitoring of the Population (CMP) reports a new estimate of 117,400 IDPs in the capital, Bangui, down from 126,600 the previous week, and 133,500 the week before that. One of the smaller sites, the monastery of Boy-Rabe, has completely emptied. In total, there are still more than 40 IDP sites in the capital. There is evidence, according to the CMP, of some returns outside of Bangui, in the north-western provinces of Ouham- Pende and Ouham, which are estimated to hold some of the largest numbers of IDPs. More concrete steps were taken this week to collect secondary data (from various sources) on IDPs outside of Bangui in order to update nationwide IDP statistics. Several areas of internal displacement have been identified and mapped by the CMP. The process targets both IDP sites as well as IDPs living with host families. A map on displacement trends and contextual analysis will be issued in the coming days.
Meanwhile, in Bangui, increasing efforts are being made to find alternative sites for IDPs, particularly for the more than 40,000 living in the vicinity of the capital’s airport. After reviewing the results from multi-sectoral assessments (WASH, CCCM, Shelter and Protection), security around the alternative sites has been assessed (recommendations by the international forces is expected shortly) and a partner has been identified to clean up the sites before the camp set-up by WASH and shelter partners begins. The CCCM Cluster is working closely with the Government to identify alternatives for IDPs living in the most at-risk sites.
IOM conducted the 5th IDP Return Intention Survey from 19 to 23 May. IOM site facilitators interviewed 575 displaced persons at 34 sites in Bangui. In comparison to the April survey, the percentage of IDPs who report that they do not have the financial means to return home has jumped from 68 per cent to 79 per cent. The percentage of IDPs who report that they do not feel safe in their neighbourhood also increased from 64 per cent to 71 per cent. Sixty per cent of IDPs responded that they intend to return home within the next four weeks. The most frequently cited needs were housing (33 per cent), security (24 per cent) and non-food items (14 per cent). Displaced persons are in a desperate financial situation: 98 per cent reported borrowing money and 88 per cent have sold their work tools or consumed their stock of planting seeds. The survey is available at CARresponse.iom.int.
UNICEF has registered 277 children who have been maimed and 74 who have been killed over the past six months. The actual numbers are much higher, they say, including deaths and sickness caused by the collapse of basic services. On 14 June, three people were killed in the volatile Bangui neighbourhood of PK5 during clashes with self-defence militia.
101,731 refugees have crossed into Cameroon from CAR since March 2013, according to UNHCR. A general food distribution in the border regions by WFP targeting refugees and migrants reached 62,777 people in the period from 22 May to 8 June.
IOM Cash for work activities (to clean streets, markets and gutters) now engage a total of 450 people in the 3rd and 5th Districts. On 16 June the program in the 3rd Arrondissement was expanded from 150 to 300 youths. IOM’s Community Stabilization program purchased and installed ten large screen televisions in public places in the 3rd and 5th districts so residents can watch the World Cup football matches. The CAR Prime Minister, André Nzapayéké, has called for an end to violence during the World Cup.
FAO has distributed crop seeds (rice, maize and groundnut) and tools to 61,000 farming families (76 per cent of the initial target of 80,000 families) for the current planting season to save the 2014 agricultural campaign. Another 27,000 rural households countrywide are expected to receive agricultural kits by the end of June. In the course of the intervention, seed distribution demand has been constantly increasing as more farming households willing to plant are identified. The FAO target has now been increased to over 88,000 families. While the main planting season finishes at the end of June, FAO will support a further 30,000 families by distributing tools and seeds of sorghum, beans, sesame and millet as part of the short cycle agricultural season. Planting for these crops is expected up to the end of July. FAO has also secured extra support from donors to reinforce the resilience of an extra 50,000 families, the majority of which come from women’s associations, to help them build up their financial capacities, agriculture techniques and social protection to improve food and nutrition security.
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.