East and Central Africa Region Situation Report #2, Fiscal Year (FY) 2010
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)
Note: The last situation report was dated January 11, 2010.
Chronic conflict, cyclical drought, floods, disease outbreaks, environmental degradation, rapid population growth, and limited government capacity present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in East and Central Africa (ECA). The ECA region encompasses the Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes region, including Burundi, the Central African Republic (CAR), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, the Republic of Congo (RoC), Rwanda, Somalia, Tanzania, and Uganda, as well as Sudan and Chad.
In response to emergency needs in the region, USAID/OFDA has provided more than $57 million in assistance for nutrition, protection, economic recovery and market systems, humanitarian coordination and information management, logistics and relief commodities, risk reduction, shelter and settlements, health, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions to date in FY 2010. Many USAID/OFDA FY 2009-funded programs also remain ongoing. In addition, USAID's Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) has provided more than $693 million in P.L. 480 Title II emergency relief assistance and the U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (State/PRM) has provided more than $9 million in assistance to refugees and internally displaced persons (IDP) in affected countries in FY 2010 to date. As well as maintaining D.C.-based staff and a regional office in Nairobi, Kenya, USAID/OFDA supports permanent program staff in Ethiopia, Sudan, and the DRC to monitor humanitarian conditions, oversee and manage existing programs, and facilitate coordination and information sharing with implementing partners, local governments, and U.N. agencies.