Burkina Faso: Consolidated Appeal 2012
1. Executive Summary
The food security and nutrition crisis in the Sahel will affect an estimated 18 million people this year, and over one million children are at risk of severe acute malnutrition.
In Burkina Faso, a deficit of 154,462 tonnes of cereal production has been reported by the Government for the 2011/2012 agricultural season, an unprecedented situation since 2005. This represents a decrease of 19.6% compared to the last agricultural season and a decrease of 5.1% compared with the five-year average. 170 of the 302 rural communes in Burkina Faso are particularly affected, in 29 provinces and 10 regions. The Government has declared 2,800,000 people at risk of food insecurity in 2012. Moreover, 450,000 children under-five will suffer from moderate acute malnutrition and 100,000 children under-five will suffer from severe acute malnutrition.
Vulnerable people are exposed to high food prices and face tremendous difficulties accessing food and getting their daily meals. Many are selling their livestock to cover their household’s food needs or must consume seeds that are usually kept for the next agricultural season (June 2012). This depletion of stocks further increases their vulnerability and diminishes their already limited resilience to future crises. Building the resilience of communities is key within a context where food security and nutrition crises in that region have become increasingly more frequent and severe.
Moreover, as a result of recent instability and the conflict in northern Mali, thousands of people have fled their homes to seek refuge from ethnic tensions and violent clashes. As of 26 April 2012, 56,817 refugees had been registered in Burkina Faso. Most of the refugees arrive with their livestock in the Sahel region of Burkina Faso, where host communities are already highly vulnerable due to the food deficit and limited water and sanitation resources. This is putting additional pressure within a context where the capacity of basic social services is weak.
In light of the looming food security and nutrition crisis, the Government of Burkina Faso launched in December 2011 a Response plan entitled “Plan Opérationnel de Soutien aux Populations Vulnérables”. Given the deteriorating situation, and taking into account limited resources, on 2 March 2012, the Government made a call for national and international solidarity to support the people in need. On 6 April 2012, it also issued a response plan in support of the malian refugees.
This Consolidated Appeal with a net requirement of $101,707,347 contributes to the Government’s efforts to provide humanitarian assistance to the most vulnerable communities, also ensuring greater linkages with development programmes so as to build the resilience of the population in the medium to longer-term. With a view to cover the needs in an integrated manner, projects cover the following Sectors: Agriculture, Food Assistance, Health, Multi-sector (refugees), Nutrition, Protection, WASH as well as Coordination.
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