Humanitarian Implementation Plan (HIP): DIPECHO Central Asia and Caucasus (CAC) (ECHO/DIP/BUD/2012/91000) - Last update: 16/11/2011, Version 1
The activities proposed hereafter are still subject to the adoption of the financing decision ECHO/WWD/BUD/2012/01000
1 . CONTEXT
For the purposes of this Humanitarian Implementation Plan (HIP), the Central Asia and Caucasus (CAC) region covers the following countries: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan (Central Asia), and Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia (South Caucasus). This represents an area of 4.1 million square kilometres and with a population of 77 million.
CAC countries share a common recent history resulting from the disintegration of the Soviet Union in the early nineties, which affected the political system and economy, led to the deterioration of the socio-economic situation for large sections of the population, and in some cases to proliferation of ethnic conflicts. Some of these conflicts – such as Nagorno-Karabakh, Abkhazia, South Ossetia in the Caucasus – are still unresolved or "frozen", and have resulted in keeping the affected countries in a state of low-intensity war or tension, and exacerbating the vulnerability of their communities. As a result of conflicts, the region has been confronted with massive temporary and sometimes prolonged displacements. Although shelter and other basic needs of hundreds of thousands of internally displaced persons are met, many of them continue to face challenges in accessing essential services and livelihood opportunities.
The region is highly exposed to natural hazards, including earthquakes, landslides, floods, mudflows, droughts, avalanches and extreme temperatures. The geological characteristic of the CAC, placed along several fault lines, makes it one of the most seismically active regions in the world. Natural hazards, combined with the high vulnerability of the population and inadequate local capacities to address (prepare, mitigate or prevent) the risks, result in frequent disasters throughout the region.
Between 1988 and 2007, 36,463 people were killed by natural disasters in the CAC region (most of these deaths were as a result of earthquakes). The frequent recurrence of disasters leaves vulnerable communities with little time and capacity to respond and to recover, particularly those living in unstable, insecure or hard-to-reach areas.
The overriding objective of this Disaster Preparedness-ECHO (DIPECHO) action plan is to reduce the vulnerability of the populations in Central Asia and the South Caucasus living in areas most prone to and affected by natural disasters, by focusing on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and increasing the awareness, preparedness and response capacities at community, national and regional levels. This action plan seeks to consolidate the results achieved through former DIPECHO programs (six in Central Asia from 2003 to 2011 and one in South Caucasus, 2010-2011) in order to contribute to build resilience and a culture of safety in line with the Hyogo Framework of Action 2005-2015 (HFA), to which all CAC countries but Turkmenistan have committed.