WHO Afghanistan Monthly Programme Update: May 2017, Emergency Humanitarian Action
A major explosion in Kabul on 31 May killed at least 150 people and in- jured hundreds
The deteriorated security situa on resulted in the closure of more health facili es in the Southern and Eastern regions—15 health facili es report- ed being either closed or only par ally open
61 disease outbreaks were reported in May — 40% of outbreaks were a ributed to measles and 25% to Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF)
The Na onal Disease Surveillance and Response (NDSR) system con- rmed 65 cases of rabies in May — the outbreak was inves gated and responded to by the Emergency Preparedness and Response (EPR) team in Laghman Province
PROGRAMME ACTIVITIES AND ACHIEVEMENTS:
To support health response to the major explosion in Kabul, WHO provid- ed the Wazir Akhbar Khan hospital with Trauma Kits A+B and the Jamhu- riat Hospital with Interagency Emergency Health Kits (IEHK).
The na onal blood bank, supported by WHO and ECHO, collected over 1500 units of blood and made 900 units available for transfusion to pa- ents who su ered injuries in the Kabul blast.
WHO supported primary health services for returnees and refugees at the Torkham border in Nangarhar, including vaccina on, tuberculosis (TB) and HIV screening, reproduc ve health and referrals.
In May, over 16,000 returnees were provided with emergency health services such as OPD, TB and HIV screening, maternal and neonatal health services and over 25,000 children were vaccinated against polio and mea- sles.
Pre-hospital and hospital Mass Casualty Management (MCM) Plans for 30 provinces were thoroughly reviewed and revised.
Gap analysis of trauma care services in 39 provincial and district hospitals was conducted to support the upgrading of trauma care services in high- risk areas.
A five-day Basic Life Support (BLS) training for 31 doctors and nurses from 10 provinces (Takhar, Badakhshan, Saripul, Faryab, Mazar, Ghor, Badghis, Ghazni, Zabul and Nangarhar) was conducted by Emergency NGO with WHO support.
WHO conducted a training on blood bank standard processes and blood safety for 30 par cipants from 26 provincial and district blood banks.
A five-day anaesthesia training for 30 anaesthesia doctors and technicians from provincial hospitals was organized at the CURE Hospital with WHO support.
Assessment for MCM and trauma care services (TCS) conducted in six national hospitals and one provincial hospital—MCM and TCS plans are currently being drafted.