MAPA Annual Report 1391
The MAPA historical achievements indicate a great deal of progress over the past 24 years of mine action operations in Afghanistan. To date, MAPA has released 21,174 hazards covering 1,834 sq km area, through surveys and clearance operations. As a result, 123 districts and 2,243 communities are no longer affected by known landmines and explosive remnants of war (ERW).
As of the beginning of 1391, there were 6,141 hazardous areas covering 646.3 sq km area of the country, affecting 2,370 communities in 270 districts. During 1391, in total 1,925 hazardous areas covering 112 sq km land have been successfully released through surveys and clearance operations.
At the end of 1391 (March 20, 2013), 4,876 hazards covering over 544.9 sq km area contaminated with mines and ERW remained in the country, located in 1,688 communities, 244 districts and 33 provinces, directly affecting 1,313,341 people and indirectly the whole population of the country.
In addition to the clearance operations, in order to mitigate persisting risks, MAPA delivered Mine/ERW risk education to the communities with particular focus on children who have been the most frequent victims of mines and ERW.
As part of the Ottawa extension request, during 1391, MAPA commenced a nationwide Mine/ERW Impact Free Community Survey (MEIFCS). This process involves non-technical survey of all communities as well as providing immediate action on destruction of known spot ERW found during the survey. By end of 1391, the survey was completed in 90 out of the 400 districts of the country.
To make sure the operations of mine action is of high quality, efforts have been made through proper review of demining project proposals, regular quality assurance and quality control of the field operations and monitoring and evaluation of the ongoing mine action projects.
The funding target for 1391 was USD 98.6 million including the coordination cost of mine action. Of this total, MAPA received USD 96.6 million from the donors including the Government of Afghanistan, through the UN Voluntary Trust Fund (VTF) and bilaterally to its implementing partners. This means that MAPA received almost 98% of its required funding in 1391. The funds received were spent on survey, clearance, M/ERW risk education, victim assistance and coordination.
This report is prepared and published by the Mine Action Coordination Centre of Afghanistan (MACCA) on behalf of the Mine Action Programme of Afghanistan (MAPA). It encompasses all mine action activities, whether funded through the UN voluntary trust fund, bilaterally or commercially.