Link NCA Nutrition Causal Analysis Final Report: Dari-Suf-Bala District, Samangan Province, Afghanistan (January 2015 - February 2016)

Introduction

This report presents the findings of a Link Nutrition Causal Analysis undertaken in the Dari Suf Bala District of the Samangan Province in Afghanistan between April 25th and May 31th 2015. Based on the UNICEF causal framework, a Link NCA is a structured, participatory, holistic study which builds a case for under nutrition causality in a local context. To introduce the specificity of this study, we briefly present the three determinants of the conceptualization of a causal analysis of nutrition (Link NCA).

  • Local context: Afghanistan- Samangan Province - Dari Suf Bala District

The Dari Suf Bala district is located in the Samangan province in the northern part of Afghanistan (see following map).

Before addressing the main socio-demographic characteristics of the area, it is useful to explain its administrative status. A "district" is a territorial subdivision used by the Afghan national government. The status of a district is defined in the Afghan constitution of 2004. In Afghanistan, there are 32 provinces (wolayat). Each province contains between a minimum of 3 and a maximum of 27 districts. There are approximately 355 districts (uluswali) in Afghanistan.

The country's regions, provinces, and districts were headed by governor-generals, governors, commissioners and district governors. The country's districts became its key administrative unit. In 2003, the National Solidarity Program (NSP) dedicated a development fund to electing community development committees (CDCs) in each village of Afghanistan.

Since January 2006, each CDC has the responsibility to implement the Provincial Development Plan, through the government departments. At the community and village level there are 424 Community Development Councils and Committees (CDCs) in the Samangan province to implement the development plans at the district and village level. In each village, the CDC has the basic tasks of creating infrastructure facilities of water supply and sanitation, energy, transport and communications to further economic growth with the involvement of the private sector.