Afghanistan: Initial Rapid Assessment Report: Education in Emergencies for Undocumented Returnees (8 March 2017)

Report
from Norwegian Refugee Council
Published on 08 Mar 2017 View Original

In order to further identify the specific education needs and priorities of undocumented returnee children, the NRC Afghanistan education team in the East and South with support from the Education Unit in the capital office, Kabul, conducted a rapid needs assessment in high return areas and IDP settlements of Nangarhar, Laghman, Kunar and Kandahar Provinces. Using a mix of structured questionnaires, focus group discussions, key informant interviews, and field observations, the team collected quantitative and qualitative data to better inform the design of EiE interventions in Eastern and Southern Afghanistan.

Eastern Region:

1. Focus Group Discussions (FGDs):
A total number of 25 FGDs in high returned areas and IDP settlements of Nangarhar, Laghman and Kunar provinces have been conducted by the professional education staff – each FGD was participated by at least 8 persons including community members, youths, head of shuras (CDCs), maliks, mullah imams, head masters and principals.

  • The key findings from FGDs in Nangarhar province are that 3,800 returnees and 2,508 IDP families are located in the areas the assessment has been conducted in including Jalalabad City, Behsud, Kama,
    Kuz Kunar, Surkhrood and Rodat districts – from these returnee and IDP families, 8,289 children (4308 boys & 3981 girls) of different age categories attend schools while 18,309 children (8714 boys & 9591 girls) of different education categories are deprived of education opportunities to lack of access to formal schools because of long distance and overcrowded classes, poor economic conditions, early marriages (specially for girls), lack of proper documentation and fear of violence.

  • The key findings from FGDs in Laghman province are that 370 returnees and 920 IDP families are located in the areas the assessment has been conducted in including Mihterlam City and Qarghayi districts – from these returnee and IDP families, 455 children (328 boys & 127 girls) of different age categories attend schools while 3,075 children (1,470 boys & 1,606 girls) of different education categories are deprived of education opportunities to lack of access to formal schools because of long distance and overcrowded classes, poor economic conditions, early marriages (specially for girls), lack of proper documentation and fear of violence.

  • The key findings from FGDs in Kunar province are that 80 returnees and 160 IDP families are located in the areas the assessment has been conducted in including Asadabad, Khas Kunar and Sawki district – from these returnee and IDP families, 300 children (135 boys & 165 girls) of different age categories attend schools while 422 boys and girls of different education categories are deprived of education opportunities to lack of access to formal schools because of long distance and overcrowded classes, lack of gendered facilities, poor economic conditions, early marriages (specially for girls), lack of proper documentation and fear of violence.