Afghanistan: Commission proposes EUR 79.5 million for Fourth Reconstruction programme
The €79.5 million package breaks down as follows:
- €23 million in support of rural development.
The rural sector is the backbone of the Afghan economy on which more than
80% of the Afghan population depends,
- €35 million for the reconstruction
of the Kabul-Jalalabad-Torkham road. This is one of the most important
transport routes, for imports as well as access to central Pakistan. The
reconstruction of the road is key to revitalising the wider economy and
boosting economic growth along its route.
- €10 million in support of the reform
of public administration. Modernising and strengthening the public administration
is critical to enable the ATA to create a cohesive, law-abiding state capable
of self-financing public sector spending, controlling its borders and fighting
illicit drug trafficking.
- €5 million in support to civil society
with particular reference to the preparation of government elections. The
Bonn Agreement commits the ATA to hold elections by mid 2004.
- €6 million for refugees and Afghan
nationals returning to Afghanistan to ensure that they have access to housing
and basic services.
- €0,5 for Contingencies given the current highly unpredictable situation in Afghanistan.
Contracts will be concluded directly between the Commission and implementing partners such as UN organisations, Non Governmental Organisations and private companies in the case of road reconstruction, and some other programme components. Government institutions will be fully involved in project identification and formulation, and will take responsibility for part of the public administration reform package. This will ensure full transparency of the Commission contribution and will help the Government to build the required capacity for more direct responsibility in future.
The Commission has been fully involved with the reconstruction of Afghanistan since 2001. The proposed 4th reconstruction programme is part of a €400 million Commission package for 2003-2004 signed by the EC in March 2003(1) and which concentrates on the four sectors of rural development and food security, public sector reform, economic infrastructure and support for the health sector
In 2002 the Commission provided more than €280 million for reconstructing Afghanistan, which includes about €73 million for humanitarian assistance provided by ECHO. Most of these funds have been contracted, demonstrating that the European Commission is not only strongly committed to Afghanistan, but fulfilling its commitments efficiently. In 2003, the Commission intends to provide an overall budget of €246 million plus approx. €48 million in humanitarian aid (ECHO).
For further information on EU Afghanistan relations: