Understanding labour migration in the East African Community
This article explores the nexus between mobility, livelihoods, and socioeconomic status of refugees in the Buduburam refugee settlement in Ghana. Currently, refugee livelihoods are increasingly characterized by multi-directional movement and multi-locality, coupled with complex social networks. Given the relative freedom of movement for refugees in Ghana and the subregion, certain groups in Buduburam were engaged in mobile livelihoods, including cross-border trading of cell phones, used clothing, and jewelery across West Africa.
This article aims at a better understanding of the changing nature of borders in warring Syria. Contrary to much media commentary, the Syrian uprising and the subsequent conflict have not been about territorial claims. In 2011, the borders of Syria were de facto pacified and, with the important exception of the border with Israel, were accepted as the legitimate boundaries of the Syrian state. This, however, does not contradict the fact that the unfolding of the Syrian uprising has had deep transformative effects on the borders of the country.
Shaw R., Chan E., Lian F., Lu L., Shi P., Yang S., Chan G., Wong J.
Author: Rachel Landry
● Efforts to combat human smuggling and suppress humanitarian acts are in service of a larger agenda of securitising and deterring irregular migration.
● Both the UN Smuggling Protocol and the EU Facilitation Directive risk suppressing genuinely humanitarian acts of assistance.
● The EU Facilitation Directive is a tacit expansion of the UN Smuggling Protocol, giving states discretion to criminalise a broad range of acts of assistance to irregular migrants.