Economic and Social Impact of Disasters and Climate Risks in South Asia
This performance evaluation using Case Study design and qualitative methods focused on the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research’s (NIWA) Challenge Fund (CF) Drought Risk Visualization Toolkit (DRVT) project in Solomon Islands, Samoa and Fiji. It addressed the following four theory-based evaluation questions:
To what extent is NIWA achieving CF logic model results at the outcome and purpose levels in Solomon Islands, Samoa and Fiji? (Please note that these results refer to access and use of the toolkit.)
Afghanistan is highly prone to intense and recurring natural hazards such as flooding, earthquakes, avalanches, landslides, and droughts due to its geographical location and years of environmental degradation, resulting in the frequent loss of lives, livelihoods, and property. Since 1980, disasters caused by natural hazards have affected 9 million people causing over 20,000 fatalities.
This brief summarises the impact of climate change and natural hazards on energy production in Afghanistan, which is dominated by hydro power generation, including future competition for water resources and a range of long-term climate phenomena such as temperature rising, flooding, water scarcity, landslides and earthquakes.
It also outlines World Bank action plans for managing these disaster risks, including an analysis of DRM frameworks, strategic planning, and prospects for renewable energy production and energy system resilience.
Kosovo's population and economy are exposed to earthquakes and floods, with earthquakes posing the greater risk of a high impact, lower probability event. The model results for present-day risk shown in this risk profile are based on population and gross domestic product (GDP) estimates for 2015. The estimated damage caused by historical events is inflated to 2015 US dollars.