Maize grain was the most informally traded commodity in Eastern Africa in the fourth quarter of 2016 but its share of total trade decreased slightly from 35 percent in the third quarter to 31 percent in the fourth quarter because of average production and supplies in Kenya, Tanzania,
Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi.
West and Central Africa Regional Food Security and Nutrition Working Group (August 2016)
• The June 2016 FSNWG update indicates that approximately 28 million people in the Horn of Africa region are severely food insecure (IPC Phase 3 Crisis and Phase 4 Emergency) in selected countries and are in need of urgent humanitarian assistance. The majority of them are in Ethiopia (10.2), South Sudan (4.8), DRC (4.5) and Sudan (4.4). Key areas of concern remain the northeastern parts of Ethiopia previously hit by drought, parts of Sudan, northern Somalia,
Djibouti, and Karamoja in Uganda.
Maize grain remained the most traded commodity in Eastern Africa in the second quarter of 2016 since it is consumed by a large percentage of the population. However, the quality of maize available in the region is of poor quality resulting in significant rejection rates by millers.
Locally produced rice mostly from Tanzania was the second major crop traded in the region but is still grappling with issues of origin since some of it is mixed with Asian attracting the full East Africa common external tariff.