**SITUATION OVERVIEW: **
Following the country’s independence in 2011, the Emergency Telecommunications Cluster (ETC) was activated in South Sudan, under the leadership of the World Food Programme (WFP) to provide security communications, internet connectivity and coordination services to the humanitarian community. Since then, the humanitarian needs across South Sudan have continued to be immense, with the country suffering from multiple threats from conflict and inter-communal violence, to economic decline, disease, and natural disaster
On the morning of 5 October, Hurricane Matthew, the Caribbean's worst storm in nearly a decade hit parts of Haiti, the Bahamas and Cuba, caused significant damage in the three countries and exacerbating existing vulnerabilities. Some 1.4 million people were affected in Haiti. Hurricane Matthew caused 336 deaths in seven departments of Haiti from southeast to northwest. The ETC has not been activated in response to Hurricane Matthew. As global lead of the ETC, the World Food Programme (WFP) convened theHaiti ICT Working Group.
Syria is one of the most complex and dynamic humanitarian crises in the world today. As the Syria crisis enters its seventh year, 13.5 million people require humanitarian assistance, including 4.6 million people in need trapped in besieged and hard-to-reach areas. Over half of the population has been forced from their homes, and many people have been displaced multiple times.
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OpEx Bravo is a large-scale inter-agency operational exercise designed to further advance emergency response capabilities of the global ICT humanitarian community.