Somalia: WASH Cluster Indicators (as of 23 July 2012) - Info graphic

Achievements Some 60% of people in famine and humanitarian emergency gained access to a sustainable water sources, receiving the type of long-term benefit needed in this chronic humanitarian crisis. Temporary access to water reached 90% of the affected population. In southern Somalia, 42% of affected people gained access to a sustainable water source, and 86% received temporary access. For sanitation, 1,087,957 people gained access to a sanitation facilities (84% of the target), and 1,853,900 people were reached with hygiene promotion messages.
The cluster initiated a do no harm approach, improved gender inclusiveness, and water access by voucher, improving accountability to beneficiaries. Based on the ‘who/what/where/when’ matrix, during 2011, more water was provided by voucher (301,149), than water trucking (235,749).
The CHF projects that ended during the year under review, focused on access to safe water and hygiene promotion. About 46% of the indicators achieved were on provision of safe water. A significant achievement was in Banadir where the projects surpassed their target on provision of safe water by 335,715. All the indicator targets set for hygiene promotion in all the regions have been surpassed.

Challenges
While the cluster significantly scaled up response to curb the spread of famine, conflict and insecurity continued to impede access to some parts of the country. Further, the Al Shabaab ban affecting 16 key organisations restricted humanitarian access and further limited the number of experienced WASH agencies with access to southern Somalia. The limited number of experienced WASH agencies with access to southern Somalia further prevented the cluster from adequately responding to the needs of populations in these areas. In addition, the needs also changed regularly due to fluid population movement as households sought food and other resources.

Best practices/ Lessons learned
Integration with other clusters has been crucial in leveraging the impact of WASH interventions such as the development of cross cluster response matrices for Health/Nutrition/WASH and Education/WASH and improved clarification of responsibilities between WASH and Health for AWD/cholera preparedness and response. Through the three to five year plan developed by the WASH Strategic Advisory Groups, the cluster aims to address other challenges including coordination, capacity of WASH agencies, monitoring and accountability and needs assessments.

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