Somalia: Shelter and Non Food Items Cluster Indicators (as of 23 July 2012) - Info graphic

Analysis

Achievements
Between January and December 2012, the cluster distributed more than 86,000 EAPs benefiting 695,532 people throughout Somalia. These packages contained a 4m x 5m plastic sheet; three 150cmx200 centimetres blankets; a synthetic sleeping mat 2.7 metres x 1.8 meters; a kitchen set consisting of two aluminium cooking pots with lids; five deep plates; five bowls; five table spoons; one kitchen knife and one serving spoon; two non-collapsible ten litres water containers; and sanitary items (sanitary cloth, underwear and soap). In addition to this, dignity kits were distributed to IDPs in Mogadishu using CHF funds. This project led the cluster to standardise the items, quality and quantity of what the content in the women’s dignity kit.
A major achievement for the cluster has been the shift away from the use of tents to transitional shelters for longer-term IDPs. The kits for such shelters comprised of over-sized plastic sheeting, ropes and timber. For IDPs, transitional shelter can provide appropriate shelter which can be disassembled and reused when the affected populations are able to return to the sites of their original homes or are resettled in new locations. The Shelter Cluster provided temporary shelter to 12,600 households or 75,600 people hence surpassing its target of 60,000. Part of the CHF funds to the cluster was used for the first time to support long term displaced IDPs in Puntland, Bari region with shelters made from Corrugated Galvanised Iron (GCI) and wood.
The largest number of beneficiaries targeted using the CHF projects covered by this report are in Banadir and Bay regions in southern Somalia. All the eight projects were implemented by NGOs.

Challenges
The cluster has faced several key challenges in 2011, including lack of access to areas in South Central Somalia due to military offensives. The ban on 16 organisations from operating in Al Shabaab controlled areas further restricted humanitarian access. Similarly, challenges arose due to the complications with relocations of an IDP settlement in Bari region.

Best practices/ Lessons learned
Advocating the link between health and shelter enabled the cluster to be prioritised in the CHF emergency allocation for 2012. To promote integrated programming and leveraging the impact of cluster intervention will continue to work with various clusters. Series of Focus Group Discussions with IDPs to better understand their shelter needs revealed that physical protection was a priority. These findings coupled with quantitative evidence that a corrugated Galvanised Iron Shelter is generally cooler than a tent has led to the positive changes made in the provision of shelter.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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