Philippines: Floods - Preliminary emergency appeal - Emergency appeal n° MDRPH010
This Preliminary Emergency Appeal seeks CHF 922,700 in cash, kind, or services to support the Philippine Red Cross to assist 15,000 families (some 75,000 persons) for 5 months. The operation will be completed by 31 December 2012 and a final report will be made available by 31 March 2013 (three months after the end of operation).
CHF 180,837 has been advanced from the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to initiate distributions and to support detailed assessments.
Summary: The Philippines have been battered by the heaviest rains recorded in three years, affecting up to two million people across the country. The rains have been fuelled by the southwest monsoon enhanced by two storms – initially Typhoon Saola and Tropical Storm Haikui. According to the Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA), from 6 to 8 August, the monsoon downpour exceeded half of the average monthly rainfall in August. Flood waters caught many residents by surprise and swamped swathes of land in the capital Manila and neighbouring provinces. The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) reports at least 19 people killed to date. As well as casualties, the flooding has damaged 2,677 houses, destroyed 358 others and forced over 292,000 persons to seek temporary shelter in evacuation centres while the rest are with friends and relatives.
The Philippine Red Cross (PRC) has been on the ground responding to the immediate needs of flood-stricken families. As well as conducting search and rescue operations, the National Society has supported pre-emptive evacuation of people living in high-risk areas and delivered a range of services, mainly to affected persons in evacuation centres. As of 9 August, PRC had provided ready to eat meals to some 22,000 persons in evacuation centres, provided emergency food packages to more than 30,000 individuals and delivered non-food items to 5,000 others. Red Cross staff and volunteers have also provided psychosocial support and referral services to displaced families in evacuation centres.
Relief distributions continue and pre-positioned stocks are being released for immediate dispatch to the most affected areas. Intensive distributions will be conducted beginning 10 August 2012, and will continue in the following weeks as access to marooned areas improves. The PRC has in stock, items sufficient to meet the needs of at least 30,000 families; these include IFRC-provided stocks that are adequate for 12,000 families.
At the moment, PRC have prepared assessment teams to be deployed to conduct more detailed assessments as soon as access to flooded sections improves. Nevertheless, based on reports from its chapters and review of secondary data and media reports, there are needs that the National Society has to meet immediately. As such, this appeal is being launched on a preliminary basis. Adjustments to the plan and budget will be done in the coming weeks based on assessment results.
Through this intervention, PRC will deliver two-day food packages to 15,000 families, sleeping materials (blankets and sleeping mats) and jerry cans to 15,000 families and hygiene kits to 10,000 families. PRC will also undertake disease prevention, health and hygiene education to 10,000 families, and support environmental sanitation efforts by conducting cleaning campaigns in communities as floodwater recedes. Owing to concerns relating to potential incidence of leptospirosis and diarrhoeal diseases in flooded areas, PRC is also making a provision to have medical support, oral re-hydration solutions and water treatment solutions ready for provision to those who may need. The National Society will provide psychosocial support to affected persons as well as staff and volunteers responding to the needs on the ground. To meet immediate water needs of those in evacuation centres, PRC will supply clean water – through trucking and setting up bladders for distribution points – to centres in most need. Finally, to increase the capacity of PRC to respond to hydro-meteorological disasters, one chapter will be supported in forming, training and equipping a search and rescue team.