Pakistan: Monsoon Flooding 2012 - Information Bulletin No 4

Monsoon rainfalls across Pakistan in the third week of August 2012 affected Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Gilgit Baltistan (GB) and Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK). A second spell of monsoon rainfalls started over the southern parts of the country from the end of the first week of September peaking on the 9th and 10th across Pakistan with flooding spanning over the provinces of Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan.

While this year’s monsoon rains came late with total rainfall levels below normal, an intense burst led to the flooding. The worst affected districts in the first and second wave of the monsoon were Rajanpur, Dera Ghazi Khan (Punjab), Kashmore, Jacobabad, Shikarpur (Sindh), Nazirabad and Jafarabad, Killa Saifullah, Jhal Magsi and Loralai (Balochistan). According to the Pakistan Meteorological Department, river flows and weather are normal in all parts of the country.

There have been significant casualties, loss of shelter and livelihood, and also damage to infrastructure such as roads and bridges. Priority needs identified by the government and humanitarian partners are food, shelter, health, water and sanitation (WatSan) and education. The exact number of people affected remains unclear with various sources providing different figures.

Humanitarian partners continue to provide assistance to people affected by the 2012 monsoon floods in the worst affected districts in Balochistan, Punjab and Sindh, but they urgently need additional resources to continue the response. In collaboration with the government authorities, data is being analysed from the Multi-sector Initial Rapid Assessment (MIRA) conducted in the five hardest hit districts in Balochistan, Punjab and Sindh provinces. Findings will be reviewed in the coming days and inform a gap analysis to determine further response.[1] Agencies are finalizing proposals for funding from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to meet some of the most critical needs.