The humanitarian impact of Israeli-declared “firing zones” in the West Bank
Approximately 18% of the West Bank has been designated as a closed military zone for training, or “firing zone”; this is roughly the same amount of the West Bank under full Palestinian authority (Area A, 17.7%).
Approximately 5,000 Palestinians reside in the firing zones, (in 38 communities), mostly Bedouin or herding communities, many of which existed prior to the closing of the area.
Over 80% of the communities are located in the Jordan Valley and Dead Sea area or south Hebron hills.
Over 90% of the communities are water scarce, accessing less than 60 litres per capita per day (l/c/d), compared to the 100 l/c/d recommended by the World Health Organization; over half access less than 30 l/c/d.
Food insecurity in Area C reaches 24% and rises to 34% among herders, many of whom live in firing zones.
Two schools and one kindergarten located in firing zones currently have demolition orders against them.
Some 45% of demolitions of Palestinian-owned structures in Area C since 2010 have occurred in firing zones, displacing over 820 Palestinian civilians.
There are 10 Israeli settlement outposts located either partially or completely in firing zones.
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