Five Years of Blockade: The Humanitarian Situation in the Gaza Strip, June 2012 (EN/AR)
The intensified blockade on the Gaza Strip imposed on June 2007 is beginning its sixth year.
Gaza is one of the most densely populated regions in the world (over 4,500 people per sq. km).
34% of Gaza’s workforce, including over half its youth, is unemployed.
44% of Gazans are food insecure and about 80% are aid recipients.
In 2011, the GDP per capita was almost 17% below the equivalent figure in 2005, before the last Palestinian elections.
In 2011 less than one truckload of goods per day exited Gaza, less than 3% the average amount of exports during the first half of 2007.
35% of Gaza’s farmland and 85% of its fishing waters are totally or partially inaccessible due to Israeli imposed restrictions.
Since June 2010, 73% of UN reconstruction projects submitted to the Israeli authorities have been approved; dozens of other projects have been pending approval for an average of 18 months.
A severe fuel and electricity shortage results in outages of up to 12 hours a day.
Some 90 million litres of untreated and partially treated sewage are dumped in the sea each day.
Over 90% of the water from the Gaza aquifer is unsafe for human consumption without treatment.
85% of schools in Gaza run on double shifts.
Some 71,000 new housing units are required to cover current housing needs.
Since the intensification of the blockade in 2007, at least 172 Palestinian civilians have been killed and 318 injured while working in tunnels between Gaza and Egypt.
During this period, nearly 2,300 Palestinians have been killed and 7,700 injured by Israeli forces, about two thirds of them during the “Cast Lead” offensive. Over a quarter (27%) of all Palestinian fatalities were women and children.
Since June 2007, 37 Israelis have been killed and 380 injured in attacks launched from Gaza, 40% of whom were civilians.
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.