July 2015 – Trends
Cameroon, Chad, Egypt, Kashmir, Turkey, Yemen
August 2015 – Watchlist
- Conflict risk alerts
-Conflict resolution opportunities
Iran, South Sudan
The Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) remains active and a threat to vulnerable communities in South Sudan, CAR and DRC. The trend in LRA attacks and deaths has remained constant since 2012, however a steady increase in abductions continues to be reported.
This report is the fifth in a series of Protection Trends papers prepared by the South Sudan Protection Cluster in close collaboration with the three sub-clusters and other protection actors.3 After providing an overview of the main security, political and economic developments, the paper discusses selected key issues reported and observed between 1 April and early July 2015: forced displacement, gender based violence, grave violations of children’s rights, protection threats at UNMISS Protection of Civilians (POC) sites, the protection situation outside the Greater Upper Nile region, …
Staple Food Markets in East Africa: White maize is the main staple grain consumed in Tanzania, Kenya, and Ethiopia. In Uganda, white maize is grown mainly as a commercial crop for export in the region. Imported rice is a major staple for Djibouti and Somalia, which mainly consume belem—the imported red rice. Tanzania is also a major producer and source of rice in the region while Kenya and Uganda are minor producers. Both red and white sorghum are produced and consumed in the region.
As of 1 August 2015, a total of 1,411 cholera cases including 42 deaths (CFR 2.98%) have been reported in Juba and Bor Counties in Central Equatoria and Jonglei States respectively. In Juba County, 1,293 cases including 41 deaths (CFR 3.17%) have been reported from seven Payams (Table 1). In Bor, 118 cases including one death (CFR 0.85%) have been reported from Malou in Makuach Payam and other areas within the County.
UN: Act to Empower Women in Conflicts
Enable Political Participation, Improve Services for Rape Victims
(New York) – The United Nations and member countries should tackle problems that women in armed conflict endure around the world, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today. This year marks the 15th anniversary of Security Council Resolution 1325, a landmark resolution on women, peace, and security, which the Security Council will debate in October 2015.
As of 31 July 2015, a total of 1,396 cholera cases including 42 deaths (CFR 3%) have been reported in Juba and Bor Counties in Central Equatoria and Jonglei States respectively. In Juba County, 1,280 cases including 41 deaths (CFR 3.2%) have been reported from seven Payams (Table 1). In Bor, 116 cases including one death (CFR 0.86%) have been reported from Malou in Makuach Payam and other areas within the County.
July 31, 2015 (JUBA) – South Sudan’s president Salva Kiir has downplayed possibility of a peace agreement soon with the armed opposition faction led by his former deputy, Riek Machar, criticizing the compromise proposal from IGAD-Plus as a designed document to perpetuate the war in the oil rich Upper Nile region.
In West Africa, market availability was adequate in June with supplies from 2014/15 harvests and international rice and wheat imports. Regionally-produced staple food prices increased seasonally, except in areas directly and indirectly affected by conflict in northeastern Nigeria and neighboring areas, the CAR, and northern Mali.
August 1, 2015 is the 5th anniversary of the entry into force of the Oslo Convention banning the use, production, stockpiling and transfer of cluster munitions. Despite the clear success of the convention, which 117 countries have signed, cluster munitions were still being used in conflicts in 2015.
As at 29 July 2015, Kakuma had received 46,315 asylum seekers from South Sudan. The transit centre has been temporary closed due to insecurity at the border.
As of 30 July 2015, a total of 1,383 cholera cases including 42 deaths (CFR 3.04%) have been reported in Juba and Bor Counties in Central Equatoria and Jonglei States respectively. In Juba County, 1,268 cases including 41 deaths (CFR 3.23%) have been reported from seven Payams (Table 1). In Bor, 115 cases including one death (CFR 0.87%) have been reported from Malou in Makuach Payam and other areas within the County.
Insecurity continues to result in displacement and restrict humanitarian access
The GoRSS indefinitely suspends humanitarian barge transport, impeding the transport of relief commodities
Health actors record a decline in the weekly caseload of new cholera cases since June
IDPs high on the agenda
These updates cover emergencies Oxfam is currently responding to around the world, although please note they don’t intend to be comprehensive.
Maghreb & Middle East
Since the scale up of the conflict in March, nearly 25,000 additional people are going hungry each day in Yemen as the blockade and fighting restrict food, fuel and other vital supplies. One in two people – nearly 13 million people – are now struggling to find enough to eat, and half of them are on the brink of starvation.
In Greater Equatoria, production prospects for first season crops to be harvested in August/September are mixed, due to dry weather conditions affecting several areas.
Planted area severely reduced in most conflict-affected counties due to worsening security conditions and massive displacement.
· WFP re-engages in Dablual, southern Unity. After months of inaccessibility due to fighting, WFP was able to deploy a Rapid Response Team to Dablual. More than 30,000 vulnerable people were reached with much needed food and nutrition assistance. The Rapid Response Mission, which was completed this week, were visited by WFP Country Director, Joyce Luma, on 25 July. Skirmishes were reported days after the visit, leading to uncertainty over the future of assistance there.