By Jacques David
EARLY MORNING. It’s six in the morning and the first traders are arriving at this market in one of the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s refugee camps. This one, Lusenda, is located in South Kivu, close to the Burundian border. But this market is unlike others – for a start, it’s called a food fair.
It operates like any other market except the shoppers are carrying colorful pieces of paper that they can exchange for food. Yellow is for corn flour, red is for beans, blue is for salt, orange is for rice and white is for cassava flour.
Clashes between the Forces Armées de la RDC (FARDC) and armed groups in North Kivu province resulted in the abrupt dismantling of IDP camps, in part due to government information that camps had been infiltrated by armed groups. With the subsequent displacement of up to 35,000 people, UNICEF and other humanitarian actors have been addressing the most urgent needs and advocating that camp closures are conducted in a more coordinated manner, in line with relevant international regulations.
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats.
This issue covers the period 22-28 May 2016 and includes updates on Zika virus, outbreak of yellow fever and Polio.
- On 25 May, an international NGO faced a critical security incident in North Kivu. In 2016, already four humanitarian workers were killed, six were wounded and 14 were abducted. While 2015 had seen an increase of 19 % of security incidents against NGOs in North Kivu compared to 2014, the first months of 2016 show an increase of 75% compared to the same period in 2015.
- Such security incidents have had direct consequences on humanitarian access and led to the suspension of several humanitarian actions.
Since April 2015, a violent political crisis in Burundi has forced several hundred thousand people from their homes, many seeking refuge in neighboring countries. Nearly 23,000 Burundians fled overland or by lake into the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
Addis Ababa, 23 May 2016 - The Fifth Ministerial Meeting of the Joint Coordination Mechanism (JCM) of the Regional Cooperation Initiative for the Elimination of the Lord’s Resistance Army (RCI-LRA) took place in Addis Ababa on 20 May 2016.
A yellow fever outbreak was detected in Luanda, Angola late in December 2015. The first cases were confirmed by the National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) in South Africa on 19 January 2016 and by the Institut Pasteur Dakar (IP-D) on 20 January. Subsequently, a rapid increase in the number of cases has been observed.
The Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) was responsible for 296 civilian abductions during Quarter 1 2016 (Q1 2016), covering the months of January–March 2016. The 296 abductions, the most by the LRA in a single quarter since Quarter 3 2010, highlighted a significant surge in LRA violence. 14 longterm abductees escaped from the LRA in Q1 2016, including three adult male Ugandan fighters.
Senior LRA leaders reportedly order child abductions in eastern CAR
In recent weeks, our LRA Crisis Tracker team has gathered a series of reports through our Early Warning Network indicating the renewed presence of an LRA group within DR Congo’s Garamba National Park in eastern Congo. Garamba, one of Africa’s oldest national parks and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, has been consistently targeted by the LRA in recent years, who have regularly conducted elephant poaching missions ordered by Joseph Kony, who then trades trafficked ivory tusks for weapons and other supplies.
Kinshasa, DR Congo | AFP | Thursday 5/26/2016 - 17:46 GMT
by Marthe BOSUANDOLE
At least one person was reported killed Thursday as rallies across DR Congo against President Joseph Kabila turned violent, with police firing tear gas in the capital Kinshasa and the eastern city of Goma.
Large numbers of riot police were deployed across the country for the rallies called by three opposition groups in defiance of government bans.
Attacks on Health Care
Attacks on health care in emergency situations disrupt the delivery of essential health services, endanger care providers, deprive people of urgently needed medical attention, and undermine our long term health development goals.
WHO collaborates closely with others to better understand the problem, bring attention to the issue, and find solutions that can prevent attacks; protect health facilities, workers, transport and supplies; and ensure the continued provision of health care despite such attacks.
Lubumbashi, DR Congo | Thursday 5/26/2016 - 04:15 GMT
By Bienvenu-Marie Bakumanya
Tensions are soaring in the Democratic Republic of Congo where veteran President Joseph Kabila is turning up the pressure on an embattled yet defiant opposition ahead of planned protests on Thursday.
With Kabila's powerful rival and football magnate Moise Katumbi all but pushed into exile in South Africa, some dissidents in the vast central African country feel disillusioned.
By Caritas Internationalis
The president and secretary general of Caritas Burundi are travelling to Tanzania to show solidarity with Burundian refugees who have fled there.
Concern is growing as refugees continue to arrive in Tanzania, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo, and the violence in Burundi itself, provoked by a political crisis, is not abating.
Abbé Jean Bosco Nintunze, the secretary general of Caritas Burundi, says a delegation will visit the refugee camps of Nyarugusu and Nduta as guests of Caritas Kigoma.
The current Burundi refugee situation in Tanzania began late April 2015. The months that followed saw significantly high number of persons of concern arrivng in Tanzania, mainly through Kagunga, a tiny border village along Lake Tanganyika and other entry points in Kigoma region. The population was relocated to Nyarugusu camp, which was already host to 65,000 persons of concern, mainly DR Congolese. The camp quickly ran out of capacity to host the new population, prompting the opening of a new camp, Nduta, in Kibondo district on 07-Oct-2015. Nduta's capacity has been put at 60,000.
The following statement was issued today by the Spokesman for UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon: