The terrorist organisation Boko Haram will determine Cameroon’s medium-term domestic and security agenda. Together with an underestimated structural propensity to crisis and political conflict, this presents the country with a double challenge. The ability of Cameroonian state and society to master both is far lower than talk about this “regional anchor of stability” would have it. Europe should start developing ideas on crisis prevention.
WFP Launches UNHAS Special Operation in Nigeria
With the escalation of violence in northeastern Nigeria and neighbouring countries, WFP launched its United Nations Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) in Nigeria on 17 August. This Special Operation is established to ensure humanitarian access to the North-East through the provision of air transport services as well as ensuring capacity to evacuate humanitarian staff when required.
WFP’s C.A.R. Regional Emergency Operation (EMOP) 200799 began on 1 January 2015 and spans across five affected countries. More than 870,000 beneficiaries were reached in July through the EMOP, representing 80 percent of planned figures. In August, WFP is targeting more than one million beneficiaries across the five countries.
The liberation of most of the communities in the North-East from the occupation of Boko Haram insurgents, coupled with the massive return of Nigerians from the Republics of Cameroun and Niger have changed the humanitarian outlook from emergency relief intervention to rehabilitation, reconstruction and recovery of the affected persons and communities.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Following the overthrow of President François Bozizé, a major humanitarian crisis began in May 2013 that led to the displacement of thousands of CAR nationals. Many fled to neighbouring countries like the DRC, Congo, Chad and Cameroon. They arrived in very miserable conditions; some with wounds, and others malnourished.
“This is the time for Nigeria to be very vigilant, alert and to maintain its extraordinary efforts,” says Dr Arshad Quddus from the World Health Organization.
Dr Arshad Quddus is the coordinator of the Polio Strategy Support and Coordination unit at the World Health Organization (WHO). In August, he took part in the meeting of the Expert Review Committee (ERC) in Nigeria. Here, he speaks about the extraordinary efforts in Nigeria to date, the work still to be done, and what motivates him to eradicate polio.
What was the purpose of the ERC meeting in Nigeria last week?
Snapshot 11 August – 25 August 2015
Haiti: Insecurity has increased since legislative elections. Violence and intimidation were reported at many polling stations and a second round of voting is planned, following low voter turnout. Food security has deteriorated as a result of prolonged drought conditions since the beginning of 2015: poor households in Sud, Sud-Est, Nord-Est and Artibonite will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes through December. Recent cholera rates are triple those of the comparable time period in 2014.
From Nigeria to Cameroon: stories of survival
Civilians continue to suffer the worst of the recurrent, violent attacks in north-east Nigeria and the Lake Chad region. Thousands have died in brutal raids and suicide bombings. In Minawao camp, the main refugee settlement in Cameroon’s Far North Region, more than 45,000 Nigerians have found refuge. And there are more families arriving every day.
During the 2015 Strategic Response Plan (SRP), The Sahel output indicators were defined in consultation with the regional sector focal points to provide a standard measure of performance for the Sahel. Country Cluster focal points provided their annual targets for each country and started to report on their cluster achievements for each of the output indicators on a monthly basis.
Au 2 août 2015, la région de l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre (AOC) a enregistré environ 11.723 cas et 239 décès (Let. = 2%) de choléra dans 7 pays. Comparativement à la même époque en 2014, on note dans la région 73% de cas rapportés en moins.
Les données des dernières semaines indiquent en outre la persistance de quelques cas au Ghana et l’arrivée de nouveaux cas au Cameroun à la frontière avec le Nigeria.
The recent insurgent attacks continue to cause population displacements within Nigeria and neighbouring countries, and across borders. Round V of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (due at the end of August) is not yet available.
60% of the IDP population continue to shelter in schools, and this will likely affect the smooth resumption of school activities in September. Food insecurity combined with the lack of safe drinking water and health services are also likely to cause malnutrition rates to rise.
By Sylvestre Tetchiada
YAOUNDE, 24 August 2015 (IRIN) - Eleven-year-old Christian* and 13-year-old Pauline* stare down blankly at the health cards grasped tightly in their hands at the Red Cross medical centre in Cameroon’s capital.
Both fled conflict in Central African Republic (CAR) in June 2013 and resettled as refugees in Yaoundé. Both have since been the victims of sexual assault and rape. Both are struggling to survive on their own in a large, foreign city.
Scope and scale of crisis
Borno, Yobe and Adamawa state are most affected by the Boko Haram insurgency. The northeastern states are hosting the majority of IDPs. 1.3 million IDPs are in Adamawa, Borno, Gombe, and Yobe states. The entire resident population of these states (16 million) are considered affected by the Boko Haram insurgency.
Humanitarian needs are severe and access is limited, particularly in Borno state.
Priorities for humanitarian intervention