I. Executive Summary
Why an assessment of the right to food in West Africa?
Epidemic prone diseases remain to be serious public health threats to Mem- ber States in the African region. In response to these threats, Member States through the adoption and implementation of the Integrated Diseases Surveil- lance and Response Strategy and the International Health Regulations, con- tinue to strengthen their public health emergency response systems and struc- tures. In this issue, a summary of acute public health events that occurred dur- ing the course of 2014 is provided
In this issue:
20.4 million people in the Sahel are food insecure, down from last year’s high of 25 million people.
Over one million people have been displaced and 6,400 killed by the conflict in Northeast Nigeria in 2014.
Over 717,000 people have been displaced due to the CAR crisis, 442,000 internally. The IDP caseload has halved since the peak of the crisis.
Imagine working for months to feed, breed and raise catfish and tilapia and then watching half of your harvest slip away into the mud. Until recently, Kanli Farm in Tode, Benin was facing this frustration year after year.
Tode is an agricultural village in Azowlisse district, 30 kilometers from Benin’s capital, Porto Novo. Kanli Farm, owned by local entrepreneur Moise Gbenou in cooperation with a local non-governmental organization, produces trees, vegetables and animals including rabbits, chickens, fish and bees.
· During Q4-2014, FAO’s global cereal price index decreased by 7% year-on-year, but on average, it remained at the level of the previous quarter.
· Real prices of maize have fallen by 14% since Q4-2013. They are up 1% from Q3-2014 after the low in September/October.
· On average, real prices of wheat remained constant between Q3 and Q4-2014. Global wheat supplies for 2014/15 are up thanks to increased production and beginning stocks; thus price levels in Q4-2014 are 17% lower than a year ago.
General Situation during January 2015 Forecast until mid-March 2015
West Africa can be divided into three agro-ecological zones or three different trade basins (West Basin, Central Basin and East Basin). Both important for understanding market behavior and dynamics.
Au 11 janvier 2015, la région de l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre a enregistré environ 1 636 cas et 33 décès de choléra (Let=2%) dans 6 pays. On observe :
• une létalité élevée sur le littoral (River State) au Nigeria supérieure à 11% ;
• un risque de dispersion de l’épidémie nigériane sur le litoral Camerounais (Douala) ;
• une extension de l’épidémie dans 3 districts du li+oral en Côte d’ivoire affectant les communautés de pêcheurs (migrants) et un risque de dispersion vers le li!oral libérien et sierra-léonais.
The worst outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in history continues to ravage communities in West Africa. UNICEF estimates that 9.8 million children and young people under the age of 20 live in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia; countries where disease transmission is widespread and intense. Of these, 2.9 million are under the age of 5. UNICEF estimates that up to 10,000 children have lost one or both parents or caregivers due to Ebola.
New study on child poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa
Two thirds of children in sub-Saharan Africa experience multiple deprivations
New UNICEF study provides extensive new data and analysis of multidimensional child poverty
Ministers of Health from around the world will convene next week at WHO’s Executive Board meeting, to set global public health policies. Among other topics, representatives are expected to review the current polio epidemiology and global preparedness plans for the phased removal of oral polio vaccines. A report has been prepared, to facilitate discussions, available here.
• En 2014, la région de l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre a enregistré environ 91 361 cas et 1 583 décès de choléra (CFR=2%) dans 11 pays, soit trois fois plus de cas qu’en 2013.
• Les trois pays les plus affectés sont le Nigeria, le Ghana et la RDC qui comptent 93% des cas et 80 % des décès de la région. Les épidémies au Nigéria et au Ghana impactent directement les pays limitrophes du lac Tchad et du golfe de guinée.
• On observe une létalité élevée en zone sahélienne supérieure ou égale à 2% notamment au Nigéria, Tchad, Cameroun et Niger.
0 . MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
In order to respond to the national Preparedness and Response Plan for the Ebola virus disease in Burkina Faso, and on the basis of the contribution agreement concluded in December 2014 between the Commission and the Austrian Development Agency (ADA) an additional amount of EUR 963 000 is allocated to the present HIP.
7357th Meeting (PM)
West Africa’s political landscape remained delicate as nations across the region continued to grapple with insecurity, terrorist threats and tensions ahead of a busy election cycle, the United Nations senior official there told the Security Council this afternoon.
Reported case incidence continues to fluctuate in Guinea, with no identifiable downward trend. Ebola virus disease (EVD) continues to spread geographically within the country, with the prefecture of Fria reporting 2 confirmed cases for the first time. Case incidence has declined to low levels in Liberia. There are signs that incidence has levelled off in Sierra Leone, although transmission remains intense in the west of the country.
Countries in Africa have been working on improving their preparedness in the event of an Ebola outbreak. The WHO teams have provided simulated exercises in hospitals and technical training, for immediate emergency response and communication.
Mamo Jatta is a Regional Public Health and Surveillance Officer in The Gambia and, like many people living near Ebola affected countries, he is concerned the disease will enter his own country, “I recently visited the town where I grew up and wondered what would happen if Ebola were to hit us here, would we be ready for it?”
In a letter dated 23 December 2013 ( S/2013/759 ), the President of the Security Council informed the Secretary-General of the Council’s concurrence with my recommendation to extend the mandate of the United Nations Office for West Africa (UNOWA) until 31 December 2016, and requested that I report to the Council every six months on the implementation of the mandate.