In response to the outbreak of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV) in South Sudan, over 19,000 children were vaccinated last week in Bentiu Poc, where the two cases were reported. Outbreak response plans are in place to hold three rounds of supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) in high risk areas to stop transmission of the virus.
Bonnes pratiques – Carte du risque en RCA
Suite à la flambée de cholera enregistrée entre le 01 et 06 Novembre dans les camps de réfugiés à l’Est du Cameroun à la frontière avec la RCA, le cluster WASH RCA a établi une carte du risque de propagation de l’épidémie (cf. figure 2).
Les mouvements de population ainsi que les ponts chauds cholera (marchés hebdomadaires et centre de transit) sont représentés sur la carte. L’objectif est de mettre en œuvre des activités bouclier contextualisées sur base d’investigation terrain.
DAKAR/GENEVA/NEW YORK, 21 November 2014 – With new Ebola cases in Mali and a continuing surge in Sierra Leone, UNICEF is stepping up efforts to help other West African countries at risk prepare for potential outbreaks.
“The new cases in Mali remind us that no country in the region is immune to Ebola,” said Manuel Fontaine, UNICEF Regional Director for West and Central Africa. “We cannot wait for new cases in countries at risk before we take action. We must help communities today prepare for cases if they happen, when they happen, wherever they happen.”
Dear Palais journalists
Following requests from several journalists, please find below my notes on the WHO preparedness missions to support countries get prepared to respond to any Ebola outbreak.
Given the evolving Ebola Virus situation, there is a risk of cases appearing in currently unaffected countries. With adequate levels of preparation however, such introductions can be contained before they develop into large outbreaks.
BEREMBEKE (NOVEMBER 19, 2014) – Today is World Toilet Day. It may not be considered a polite dinner conversation topic, but ensuring access to clean water and sanitation facilities like latrines is one of the most important global public health issues. Thousands in the developing world, primarily children, die every day of preventable water-borne illnesses. People are forced to walk for miles to fetch potable water.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Preliminary estimates indicate a below-average cereal production in 2014, following erratic precipitation in parts of the country
Significant price declines registered in recent months.
Below-average 2014 cereal production expected to be offset by strong growth in root and tuber production
In Madagascar, a circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1) has been confirmed. The virus was isolated from one case of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) with onset of paralysis on 29 September, and from three healthy contacts. An estimated more than 25% of children remain under-immunized against polio in the country. Madagascar was previously affected by a cVDPV2 outbreak in 2001/2002 (resulting in five cases) and in 2005 (resulting in three cases). Emergency outbreak response is being finalized, with campaigns to be held in December and January.
7 November 2014 [Accra, Ghana]
More ECOWAS Member States have announced financial contributions to the raise the total of the regional Solidarity Fund to fight Ebola to US$7.7 million.
At the just-ended ECOWAS extra-ordinary summit in Accra on Ebola and Burkina Faso, Nigeria which had earlier contributed US$3.5 million to the Fund, pledged additional US$1 million and affirmed its willingness to make 500 health volunteers available to help fight the disease in affected ECOWAS countries.
Author: Kieran Guilbert
LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - When mobile phone users receive a text message, they might expect a suggestion of a drink after work, a reminder to do the shopping, or an apology from a friend running late.
Spokesman of the Chinese Ministry of Commerce Sun Jiwen made a comment on October 31 on implementing the third round of material assistance with a value of 200 million yuan announced by President Xi Jinping to help African countries fight against the Ebola epidemic.
DAKAR, 29 October 2014 (IRIN) - Food security and malnutrition rates across the Sahel are deteriorating, due in large part to ongoing conflict and instability in the Central African Republic (CAR), northern Mali, and northeast Nigeria, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
Nearly five million more people have joined the ranks of the food insecure since the beginning of the year, bringing the estimated total in need of food aid to 24.7 million - more than double the number in 2013, says OCHA.
Second-season dryness continues in Haiti, flooding risks remain in Central America and South Sudan
Africa Weather Hazards
As the rainy season in Senegal comes to an end and harvesting begins, reduced crop yields due to this summer’s poorly distributed rainfall and delayed onset of the rainy season in July could become evident.
Torrential rains continued across much of saturated and flood-affected South Sudan.
Bi-modal regions of the Gulf of Guinea observed a second week of below-average rain.
1) As the rainfall season ends across Senegal and harvesting begins, impacts from poorly distributed rains during the summer months and a delayed onset to the rainfall season in July which resulted in deteriorated conditions could impact crop yields.
West Africa’s road network – through which the majority of intra-regional trade occurs – could facilitate the spread of Ebola. Travellers and traders infected in Guinea, Liberia or Sierra Leone may transmit the virus via some of the major highways. In this respect, groups such as long-distance lorry drivers could be particularly at risk, particularly if effective monitoring systems for Ebola are not established at border crossings.
Le saviez-vous ?
In a move aimed at ending the frequent cycles of drought and famine in the Sahel region, the African Development Bank Group (AfDB) on Wednesday, October 15, 2014 approved loans and grants amounting to US $231 million to finance a Programme to Build Resilience to Food and Nutrition Insecurity in the Sahel (P2RS).
The programme involves member-countries of the Permanent Inter-State Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (CILLS) – Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Cape Verde, Côte d’Ivoire, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal and Togo.
PARIS (October 14, 2014) – The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation today announced that Agence de Médecine Préventive (AMP) has received the third annual Gates Vaccine Innovation Award in recognition of EPIVAC, an on-the-job training program for district medical officers to improve immunization program performance in 11 Francophone African countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal and Togo.
Brazzaville, 10 October 2014 - The World Health Organization (WHO) and partner organizations meeting in Brazzaville have agreed on a range of core actions to support countries unaffected by Ebola in strengthening their preparedness in the event of an outbreak.
Building on national and international existing preparedness efforts, a set of tools is being developed to help any country to intensify and accelerate their readiness.
An agropastoral season with heterogeneous crop growth stages, requires close monitoring
From 8 to 10 September 2014, was held in Banjul, The Gambia, the regional consultation on the mid-term assessment of the agropastoral season and the 2014-2015 agricultural and food prospects. This meeting comes within the framework of the operation of the Regional Device for Prevention and Management of Food Crises (PREGEC) in the Sahel and West Africa. At the end of the meeting, participants made the following observations: