Stressed and Crisis Acute food insecurity outcomes expected due to below-average harvests
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population is compared to last year and the recent five-year average. Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.
Zambia is a lower middle income country, with economic growth but also with persistently high levels of poverty and socio-economic inequality. Malaria was the leading cause of death in both children and adults in 2010 according to the Ministry of Health. The country’s profile of both communicable and non- communicable diseases calls for prevention, early detection and care. Zambia thus gives priority to improved environments and food safety, control of epidemic outbreaks, health promotion and primary health care services for family health, communicable and chronic conditions.
Summary of WFP Assistance: WFP Zambia Country Programme (2011-2015)seeks to 1) improve safety nets by providing in-kind food assistance, technical assistance,and advocacy for enhanced nutritional support for all Zambians (with particular attention to vulnerable groups), 2) improve government’s preparedness to respond to and mitigate disasters as a way of reducing vulnerability and preserving livelihoods3) expand market opportunities for smallholder farmers by leveraging local food procurement for social protection programmes.
Birger Fredriksen and Sukhdeep Brar
with Michael Trucano
This book offers policy options that can help reduce textbook costs and increase their supply. The book explores, in depth, the cost and financial barriers that restrict textbook availability in schools across much of the region, as well as policies successfully adapted in other countries. The book also provides a thorough assessment of the pros and cons of digital teaching and learning materials and cautions against the assumption that they can immediately replace printed textbooks.
While favourable food security conditions prevail across most of southern Africa, early warning signs provide alarming indications of looming significant food supply shortages that are likely to impact on the next marketing season starting from July 2015. The single major determinant of the negative performance is the erratic and unusually uncharacteristic rainfall season that has just ended.
Africa Weather Hazards
Very poor rainfall since February, combined with five consecutive weeks of virtually no rainfall since midMarch, has led to large moisture deficits and rapidly deteriorating ground conditions in Ethiopia, Djibouti, and eastern Eritrea.
Seasonally above-average rainfall, combined with heavy rainfall forecast across eastern Ethiopia and Somalia, is expected to increasethe risk for localized flooding along the Jubba and Shabelle River basins in Somalia.
• The 2014-2015 growing season is coming to a close in Southern Africa and further rainfall will not significantly change the current seasonal outcomes. Overall, the season has been characterized by extensive rainfall deficits resulting in markedly below average end of season vegetation.
Drought continues in central and northern Ethiopia, with abnormal dryness in Djibouti and Eritrea
Africa Weather Hazards
Very poor rainfall since February, combined with five consecutive weeks of virtually no rainfall since mid March, has led to large moisture deficits and rapidly deteriorating ground conditions in Ethiopia, Djibouti, and eastern Eritrea.
In West Africa, market availability was adequate in March, with supplies from recent 2014/15 harvests and international rice and wheat imports. Staple food prices were stable or declining, except in areas directly and indirectly affected by the conflict in northeastern Nigeria. The recent opening of borders among Ebola-affected countries contributed to improved trade flows in some areas, following disruptions over the second half of 2014.
Maize grain and maize meal are the most important food commodities and indicators of food security in Zambia. All of the markets represented — with the exception of Kitwe — are in provincial centers and thus provide a geographic representation. Chipata and Choma are both areas of high maize production, while Mansa and Mongu are indicative of low production areas. Kabwe, Kitwe, and Lusaka are all urban areas where demand for these commodities is high. Solwezi is a new mining town with an increasing demand for food commodities
In Q1-2015, FAO’s global cereal price index fell a further 13 percent year-on-year. It is now 5 percent lower than in Q4-2014.
Real prices of wheat have fallen by 10 percent over the last quarter. Prices are 20 percent lower than in Q1-2014 and at their lowest levels since mid-2010, thanks to large supplies, favourable production forecasts and strong export competition.
IMF Projects Solid Growth for Sub-Saharan Africa in the Face of Headwinds
Press Release No. 15/179
April 28, 2015
Introducing the April 2015 IMF Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa, Ms. Antoinette Sayeh, Director of the IMF’s African Department commented today:
28 April 2015, Rome - Southern Africa's maize harvest is expected to shrink this year by some 26 percent compared with 2014's bumper crop, a situation that could trigger food price increases and adversely affect recent food security gains, FAO warned today.
For 2015, the early production forecast for maize - a staple food throughout the subregion - stands at about 21.1 million tonnes, some 15 percent lower than the average for the last five years, FAO noted.
ILO: More than half of the global rural population excluded from health care
ILO report shows huge differences in health care access between rural and urban areas worldwide.
GENEVA (ILO News) – A new ILO report shows that 56 per cent of people living in rural areas worldwide do not have access to essential health-care services – more than double the figure in urban areas, where 22 per cent are not covered.
PRETORIA (ILO News) – HIV and AIDS workplace initiatives should be integrated into national AIDS programmes and a wide range of health approaches, including occupational safety and health, says a new report, "Effective Responses to HIV and AIDS at Work: A Multi-Country Study in Africa ", launched by the International Labour Organization (ILO) in Sandton - Johannesburg, South Africa.
Little rainfall expected over atypically dry areas of northern Ethiopia
Erratic, below-average rainfall in February and early March, followed by four consecutive weeks of little to no rainfall since mid-March has led to large moisture deficits and rapidly deteriorating ground conditions in Ethiopia. The absence of mid-season rainfall is likely to adversely affect cropping activities in Belg-producing areas of the country.
Brazzaville/Lusaka, 23 April 2015 – Today, the World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Africa launches the African Vaccination Week (AVW) in Lusaka, Zambia under the theme “Vaccination, a gift for life”. This event marks the commencement of week-long immunization activities from 24 to 30 April across all 47 countries in the WHO African Region.
NEW YORK, 21 April 2015 – UNICEF and ING, a Dutch multinational banking and financial services corporation, today announced the renewal of a decade-long partnership that to date has provided access to better quality education for more than 1 million of the world’s hardest-to-reach children.
During the past 10 years, ING has inspired its employees and customers worldwide to raise funds for UNICEF, helping to improve children’s access to education in remote communities in Brazil, Ethiopia, India, Nepal and Zambia.
Launched in June 2005 by President George W. Bush, the President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) represented a major 5-year, $1.265 billion expansion of U.S. Government resources for malaria control. The Initiative is led by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and implemented together with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). PMI funds programs in 19 focus countries in Africa and one regional program in the Greater Mekong Subregion of Southeast Asia (see Appendix 1).